The Olympic Games Impact (OGI) study comprises a number of phases: the Pre-Games study (2010), the Games-time study (2012) and the Post-Games study (2015). This Post-Games study is commissioned by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). The ESRC is the UK's leading research funding and training agency addressing economic and social concerns. Collectively the ESRC and UEL are referred to as the Research Partner of OGI study.

In this Post-Games Report, the last report of the OGI study of the London 2012 Games, we have updated, presented and analysed data on 67 indicators. The inclusion of indicators from the IOC Technical Manual is decided by the Host City in discussion with the IOC. The choice of OGI indicators depends on what is deemed to be relevant for the particular Host City.

As with any long term project that is intended to be a catalyst for long term change and transformation, the analysis of three years into legacy that this report presents is only the beginning. That London 2012 has been a catalyst for positive change is not in doubt, but when and where the process ends and what will be the full magnitude of the effect is not yet known. The story of London 2012 will continue to unfold for a long time to come.

Project Documents

Data Sets

Environmental Indicators

EN03 Water Quality 

En04 Greenhouse Gas Emissions

En05 Air Quality

En06 Land-Use Changes

En07 Protected Areas

En10 Public Open-Air Leisure Centres

En11 Transport Networks

En18 Solid Waste Treatment

En20 Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Olympic Games

En26 Capacity of Olympic and Paralympic Venues

En29 Olympic Induced Transport Infrastructure

En33 New Waste and Wastewater Treatment Facilities

Socio-Cultural Indicators

So06 Poverty and Social Exclusion

So07 Educational Level

So08 Crime Rates

So09 Health

So10 Nutrition

So12 Sport and Physical Activities

So13 School Sports

So14 Available Sports Facilities

So16 Top-Level Sportsmen and Women

So18 World and Continental Championships

So19 Results at Olympics and World Championships

So20 National Anti-Doping Controls

So25 Political Involvement in the Organisation of the Games

So27 Votes Connected with the Olympic Games

So28 Consultation with Specific Groups

So29 Opinion Polls

So30 Participation of Minorities in Olympic Games and Paralympic Games

So31 Homelessness, Low Rent Market and Affordable Housing

So32 Olympic Educational Activities

So34 Cultural Programme

So38 Volunteers

So44 Perceptions about People with Disabilities in Society

So45 Support Network for People With Disabilities

So48 Accessibility of Public Services

Economic Indicators

Ec01 Employment by Economic Activity

Ec02 Employment Indicators

Ec03 Size of Companies

Ec06 Public Transport

Ec07 Accommodation Infrastructure

Ec08 Accommodation Occupancy Rate

Ec09 Tourist Nights

Ec10 Airport Traffic

Ec17 Hotel Price Index

Ec18 Real Estate Market

Ec22 Foreign Direct Investment

Ec24 Structure of Public Spending

Ec26 Public Debt

Ec27 Jobs Created in Olympic and Context Activities

Ec30 Size and Quality Management of Contracted Companies

Ec33 Structure of OCOG Revenues

Ec34 Structure of OCOG Expenditure

Ec35 Total Operating Expenditure (Olympic activities)

Ec36 Total Capital Expenditure (Olympic activities)

Ec37 Total Capital Expenditure (context activities)

Ec38 Total Wages Paid (Olympic activities)

Ec44 Employability of People with Disabilities

Our core team

  • Prof. Allan Brimicombe (Project leader, UEL),
  • Dr Yang Li (UEL)
  • Alice Sampson (UEL)

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