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Dr Stuart Paul Connop

Senior Research Fellow

Sustainability Research Institute

Senior Research Fellow specialising in invertebrate conservation and ecomimicry in urban green infrastructure to deliver nature-based solutions that support multifunctionality in design and performance.

Biosolar roof

    Having completed a PhD investigating the habitat requirements of UK Biodiversity Action Plan bumblebee species, Stuart has an active involvement in invertebrate ecology including habitat assessment, design, monitoring and management. His background includes biodiversity and ecosystem service monitoring and the associated data analysis, including the use of spatial analysis and Pantheon invertebrate assemblage analysis to quantify habitat quality. Stuart is currently co-work package lead on the Connecting Nature EU Horizon 2020 project where he is supporting cities across Europe in delivering nature-based solutions.

    Within Connecting Nature, his focus is on upscaling technical design and developing and delivering evaluation indicators for nature-based solutions. He was also a work package lead on the EU FP7 project TURAS, where he led and co-delivered research on Urban Green Infrastructure (UGI) design and monitoring in partnership with numerous stakeholder including developing scoping programmes for UGI retrofit for social landlords and UGI-focused Local Authority Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems planning guidance. Stuart's research has a strong focus on impact and includes knowledge exchange with Natural England, the Environment Agency and numerous NGOs. Stuart was a steering advisor on Buglife's national Urban Buzz programme and also sat on the European Commission Working Group for Green Infrastructure.

    He has delivered presentations on impact-driven urban green infrastructure research for Innovate UK (the UK Horizon 2020 contact point), the UK Green Building Council, and the European Commission's DG Research & Innovation.



    Stuart is an Expert Reviewer for the European Commission and long-time Editor of Essex Naturalist Journal. He was a steering advisor on Buglife's national Urban Buzz programme and also sat on the European Commission Working Group for Green Infrastructure, and a national Brownfield Working Group. He has recently been invited to deliver presentations on impact-driven urban green infrastructure and nature-based solutions research for Innovate UK (the UK Horizon 2020 contact point), the UK Green Building Council, and the European Commission's DG Research & Innovation. He is also a regular contributor to ICLEI's UrbanByNature webinar programme and The Nature of Cities online platform.

    Overview

    Currently working on the EU H2020 funded project Connecting Nature and the ERDF funded project ARENA. Also delivering research through consultancy projects associated with nature-based solutions, biodiversity net-gain and invertebrate conservation.


    Collaborators

    • Research Assistant
      Caroline Nash
    • Director of Sustainability Research Insitute
      Professor Darryl Newport

    Research

    Accepted
    Collier, M. and Connop, S. 2020. Urban living labs: nature-based solutions experiences in the EU. in: Herzog, H., Freitas, T. and Wiedman, G. (ed.) Soluções Baseadas na Natureza e os Desafios da Água: accelerando a transição para cidades mais sustentáveis European Commission - Directorate-General for Research and Innovation.

    Published
    Frantzeskaki, N, Vandergert, P, Connop, S, Schipper, K, Zwierzchowska, I, Collier, M, Lodder, M (2020) Examining the policy needs for implementing nature-based solutions in cities: Findings from city-wide transdisciplinary experiences in Glasgow (UK), Genk (Belgium) and Poznań (Poland), Land Use Policy 96,104688, ISSN 0264-8377, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104688.

    Skipp, S, Geiser, M, McGill, J, Nash, C and Connop, S (2019) Chrysomela saliceti Suffrian (Chrysomelidae) - thriving and potentially spreading in urban green areas in London. The Coleopterist 28(4):173-176

    Nash, C., Ciupala, M.A., Gedge, D., Lindsay, R. & Connop, S. (2019) An ecomimicry design approach for extensive green roofs. Journal of Living Architecture, 6(1), 62-81.
    Connop, S (2019) The potential of moss for air pollution control. Knowledge Transfer report produced by the University of East London as part of the ARENA ERDF project.

    Connop, S and Nash, C (2019) Thames View Greenway: Preliminary Soil Analysis. A report for Sustrans produced by the University of East London.

    van Sype, K, Vos, P, Dick, G, Mowat, L, Dzubiala, A, Zwierzchowska, I, Vandergert, P, Jelliman, S, Connop, S, Nash, C and Gonzalez, G) (2019) Deliverable 9: An interim report on progress towards initiation of city-wide nature-based solutions exemplars. Report produced for the EU Horizon 2020 project Connecting Nature.

    Connop, S, Dick, G, Dziubała, A, Fagiewicz, K, Haas, E, Hill, A, Jelliman, S, Kamplemann, S, Lupa, P, Madajczyk, N, Nash, C, Poniży, L, Vandergert, P, van der Sijpe, K, Vos, P and Zwierzchowska, I (2019) Deliverable 8: Report on front-runner cities’ current expertise and experience in nature-based solutions based on a synthesis of outcomes from experiential workshops, questionnaires, and Key Performance Indicators analysis. Report produced for the EU Horizon 2020 project Connecting Nature.

    Connop, S. & Nash, C. (2019) Thames View Greenway, Preliminary Ecological Appraisal. Report produced for Sustrans. London: University of East London.

    Connop, S. & Nash, C. (2019) Mosaic Management: The Missing Ingredient for Biodiversity Innovation in Urban Greenspace Design. Article published on The Nature of Cities. Available: https://www.thenatureofcities.com/2019/02/27/mosaic-management-missing-ingredient-biodiversity-innovation-urban-greenspace-design/

    Nash, C & Connop, S (2018) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park BAP Monitoring Terrestrial Invertebrates Survey. Report for ID Verde. London: University of East London.

    Rumble, H, Angeoletto, F, Connop, S, Goddard, M., and Nash, C. (2018) Understanding and applying ecological principals in cities. Book chapter accepted. In Cities and Nature, Ian Mell and Fabiano Lemes de Oliveira (Eds): PLANNING CITIES WITH NATURE, 978-3-030-01865-8, 441620_1_En (15) to be published by Springer Nature

    Connop, S. & Nash, C. (2018) Blandscaping that Erases Local Ecological Diversity. Article published on The Nature of Cities. Available: https://www.thenatureofcities.com/2018/01/09/blandscaping-erases-local-ecological-diversity/

    Connop, S., Clough, J., Alam, R. and Nash, C. 2018. LBHF Climate Proofing Housing Landscapes: Monitoring Report 3 - October 2016 to September 2017. London: University of East London.

    Connop, S. and Nash, C. (2017) Hadleigh Park invertebrate conservation analyses 2017. London: University of East London.

    Collier, M. Nedovic-Budic, Z., Connop, S. et al. (2017) Urban transitioning with TURAS open innovations; opportunities for building resilience. For Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 22, 57-62.

    Lemes De Oliveira, F, Rumble, H, Goddard, M, Angeoletto, F, Britto, P, Caputo, S, Connop, S, Hora, KER, Nash, C & Romeiro, B, Re-naturing Cities: Theories, Strategies and Methodologies, 2017, Web publication/site, The Nature of Cities.

    Connop, S., Salvemini, M., Berardi L., Newport, D. (2016) TURAS Deliverable 2.3. Synergy and summaries of WP2: Years 1 to 3. Report produced as part of the EU FP7 Project TURAS, Grant Agreement 282834.

    Connop, S. and Nash, C. 2016. Hadleigh Park green haying experiment analyses 2016. London: University of East London.

    Connop, S. and Nash, C. (2016) Ecomimicry for Barking Riverside: Achieving locally contextualised biodiversity-led multifunctional urban green infrastructure. TURAS report: University of East London.

    Connop, S., Clough, J., Gunawardena, D. and Nash, C. (2016) LIFE+ Climate Proofing Housing Landscapes: Monitoring Report 2 - June 2016 to September 2016. London: University of East London.

    Collier, M., Connop, S., Corcoran, A., Crowe, P. Nedovic-Budic, Z., Pichler-Milanovic, N, Rijavec, R., Sinclair, J., Vandergert, P. and Varghese, J. (2016) European university-community partnership-based research on urban sustainability and resilience. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 23:79–84.

    Hudson, L. N., Newbold, T., Contu, S., Hill S. L. L., Lysenko, I., De Palma A., … Purvis, A. (2016), The database of the PREDICTS (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems) project. Ecology and Evolution, 00: 1–44. doi: 10.1002/ece3.2579

    De Palma, A., Abrahamczyk, S., Albrecht, M., et al. (2016) Predicting bee community responses to land-use changes: Effects of geographic and taxonomic biases. Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 31153

    Connop, S., Vandergert, P., Eisenberg, B., Collier, M., Nash, C., Clough, J. and Newport, D. (2016) Renaturing cities using a regionally-focused biodiversity-led multifunctional benefits approach to urban green infrastructure. Environmental Science & Policy 62, Pages 99–111.

    Connop, S. and Clough, J. (2016) LIFE+ Climate Proofing Housing Landscapes: Interim Monitoring Report. London: University of East London.

    Connop, S. and Clough, J. (2016) Hadleigh Park priority species habitat assessment. London: University of East London.

    Molineux, C., Newport, D., Ayati, B., Connop, S., Wang, C. and Green, J. (2016) Bauxite residue (Red mud) as a pulverised fuel ash substitute in the manufacture of lightweight aggregate. Journal of Cleaner Production 112 (1), Pages 401–408.

    Connop, S. and Clough, J. (2015) Novel urban greening using Aquaten © water retention membrane. Available at (http://aquaten.co.uk/aquaten-aquasaf-enhanced-the-survivability-of-plug-plants-in-a-university-of-east/).

    Connop, S., Clough, J, Borland, T. and Newport, D. (2015) Water attenuation performance of the Museum of London green roof. London: University of East London.

    Molineux, C., Gange, A.C., Connop, S.P. and Newport, D.J. (2015) Using recycled aggregates in green roof substrates for plant diversity. Ecological Engineering. Volume 82, September 2015, Pages 596–604.

    Nash, C, Clough, J., Gedge, D, Lindsay, R., Newport, D., Ciupala, A. and Connop, S. 2015. Initial insights on the biodiversity potential of biosolar roofs: A London Olympic Park green roof case study. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution; special issue "Integrating ecology into green roof research". 62 (1-2), pp. 74-87.

    Connop, S., Clough, J, Carneiro, M A, and Borland, T. (2015) Report on water attenuation performance of green roof in the Ruislip Depot. London: University of East London.

    Molineux, C.J., Gange, A.C., Connop, S.P. and Newport, D.J. (2015) Are microbial communities in green roof substrates comparable to those in post-industrial sites?—a preliminary study. Urban Ecosystems, 10.1007/s11252-015-0450-z.

    Bastock, J., Whitfield, P, Clough, J. and Connop, S. (2014) SUDS Guidance: London Borough of Tower Hamlets. Available at: http://www.towerhamlets.gov.uk/Documents/Environmental-protection/Monitoring/LBTH-SuDS-Guidance-up-to-date.pdf

    Connop, S. (2014) Barking Riverside: TURAS showcase of sustainable and resilient community design. University of East London.

    Connop, S. Lindsay, R., Freeman, J., Clough, J., Kadas, G. and Nash, C. (2014) TURAS multidisciplinary urban landscape design guidance: Design, incorporation and monitoring of Barking Riverside brownfield landscaping. University of East London, London, UK.

    Connop, S. and Nash, C. (2014) TURAS Milestone 8 - Barking Riverside Green Roof Experiment: Phase 2. London. Report produced for the EU FP7 project TURAS (Transitioning towards Urban Resilience and Sustainability) project by the University of East London, London, UK.

    Connop, S. and Nash, C. (2014) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park: Green roof biodiversity baseline survey. London: University of East London. Report produced for the LLDC.

    Hudson, L., Newbold, T., Contu, S., et al. (2014) The PREDICTS database: a global database of how local terrestrial biodiversity responds to human impacts. Ecology and Evolution, 4(24):4701-4735.

    Molineux, C., Connop, S., Gange, A. (2014) Manipulating soil microbial communities in extensive green roof substrates. Science of The Total Environment 493, 632 - 638.

    Collier, M., Nedovic-Budic, Z., Aerts, J., Connop, S., Foley, D., Foley, K., Newport, D., McQuaid, S., Slaev, A. and Verburg, P. (2013) Transitioning to resilience and sustainability in urban communities. Cities, 32 (S1):S21-S28.

    Connop, S. (2013) Roscommon bumblebee research programme. London: University of East London.

    Connop, S., Clough, J. and Nash, C. (2013) TURAS Multidisciplinary urban landscape design guidelines. Poplar HARCA - Carradale House. London: University of East London.

    Connop, S., Clough, J., Lindsay, R. & Nash, C. (2013) City University London: the biodiversity evidence base. London: University of East London. Report produced for City University.

    Connop, S., Nash, C., Gedge, D. Kadas, G, Owczarek, K and Newport, D. (2013) TURAS green roof design guidelines: Maximising ecosystem service provision through regional design for biodiversity. TURAS FP7 Milestone document for DG Research & Innovation.

    Robins, J., Connop, S. and Harvey, P. (2013) Baseline Habitat Assessments for Thames Terrace Invertebrates sites in the Greater Thames Marshes Nature Improvement Area. Buglife, Peterborough, UK. Report for Greater Thames Marshes NIA.

    Connop, S. (2012) The Beetle Bump: innovative urban habitat creation for rare insects. Essex Naturalist 29 (New Series), 89-94.

    Connop, S., Clough, J., Lindsay, R. & Nash, C. (2012) University of East London: the 2012  biodiversity update. London: University of East London.

    Connop, S. (2011) Barking Riverside Invertebrate Assemblage Analysis. Report produced for London Wildlife Trust, London.

    Connop, S., Hill, T., Steer, J. and Shaw, P. (2011) Microsatellite analysis reveals the spatial dynamics of Bombus humilis and Bombus sylvarum. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 4, 212-221.

    Connop, S., Lindsay, R., Freeman, J. and Kadas, G. (2011) Barking Riverside Office Landscaping: Biodiversity monitoring. London: University of East London.

    Connop, S., Hill, T., Steer, J. and Shaw, P. (2010) The role of dietary breadth in national bumblebee (Bombus) declines: simple correlation? Biological Conservation 143 (11), 2739-2746.

    Connop, S. (2010) Hadleigh Castle Country Park bumblebee habitat improvement: Experimental forage plot surveys IV. Report produced for Essex County Council.

    Freeman, J., Lindsay, R., Marr, M. and Connop, S. (2010) University of East London: the biodiversity evidence base. Report produced for UEL, London.

    Connop, S., Woodhouse, A. and Shaw, P. (2009) The use of green haying as targeted habitat management for rare UK bumblebees (Bombus). Essex Naturalist (New Series) 26, 67-88.

    Connop, S. and Lindsay, R. (2009) Buglife - Stepping Stones for Wildlife: UKBAP Invertebrate Records. Report produced for Buglife, Peterborough, UK.

    Connop, S. and Lindsay, R. (2009) Buglife - Stepping Stones for Wildlife: UKBAP Research Species Invertebrate Records. Report produced for Buglife, Peterborough, UK.

    Connop, S. (2009) Hadleigh Castle Country Park bumblebee habitat improvement: Experimental forage plot surveys III. Report produced for Essex County Council.

    Connop, S. (2008) Hadleigh Castle Country Park bumblebee habitat improvement: Experimental forage plot surveys II. Report produced for Essex County Council.

    Connop, S. and Lindsay, R. (2008) Thames Estuary 2100 Phase 3ii supporting studies: Invertebrate assemblages of Thames Estuary coastal grazing marshes. Report produced for the Environment Agency Thames Estuary 2100 project.

    Connop, S.P. (2008) Hadleigh Castle Country Park bumblebee habitat improvement: Experimental forage plot surveys II. Commissioned report for Essex County Council.

    Connop, S.P. (2008) The habitat and habitat management requirements of the shrill carder bee (Bombus sylvarum) and the brown-banded carder bee (Bombus humilis) in south Essex. PhD Thesis submitted to the University of East London.

    Connop, S. (2007) Hadleigh Castle Country Park bumblebee habitat improvement: Experimental forage plot surveys I. Report produced for Essex County Council.

    Connop, S. (2006) Bumblebee forage patch creation experiment at Hadleigh Castle Country Park, September 2006. Report produced for Hadleigh Castle Country Park.

    Publications

     I have received funding from a variety of sources, including: H2020, FP7, ERDF, LIFE+, Consultancy, and Contract Research.

    Funding

    A broad range of interests associated with the sustainable management of our urban and rural landscapes. This includes research and consultancy on green and blue infrastructure including nature-based solutions. Research has focused on innovative design, delivery and legacy of ground-level and roof level greenspace. I am also involved in the supervision of PhD students on a variety of topics including paludiculture and veteran tree ecology



    Interests

    Current teaching responsibilities:
    Guest lecturer on Professional Landscape Architecture, Theory, Design, Practice modules. Student project co-supervision. Undergraduate research intern supervisor. Architecture green infrastructure workshop lead.


    Previous teaching responsibilities:
    Research project supervision on BS3065 - Individual Research Project; BSM003 Bioscience MSc Research Project; Lecturer on CE6205T Water and Environmental Engineering; EG6114 Water Management Module; Sustainability MRes – lecturer on Critical Thinking and Synthesis and module leader on Ecosystem Form and Function modules;

    Postgraduate supervision

    Currently supervising 3 PhD students:
    Stephanie Skipp – Veteran tree ecology
    Jerushah Jardine - the link between bog patterning and changes in climate
    Jack Clough - Wetland agriculture

    Supervisory PhD completions
    James McGill - conservation and management of Open Mosaic Habitat
    Caroline Nash - Biomimicry in urban green infrastructure design
    King Owczarek - rain retention and attenuation performance of experimental green roof systems

    Teaching