Search for courses or information

Professor Duncan Turner

Professor of Neurorehabilitation Sciences

 NeuroRehabilitation Unit

Welcome to the NeuroRehabilitation Unit [ NRU]. My name is Professor Duncan Turner and I am the Director of the NeuroRehabilitation Unit. Our expertise is in Restorative Neuroscience and Rehabilitation. I hope you find the information helpful in choosing to become involved in our work. Our vision is to employ state-of-the-art assistive technology to enhance recovery of functional movement, intricate sensory awareness and communicative skills following a stroke or during progressive Parkinson's disease.

    Duncan has developed a successful research team with a vision to improve quality of life following a stroke and whilst dealing with neurodegenerative diseases.

    BSc PhD
    Rehabilitation Theme Co-Lead for NIHR Brain Injury MIC 


    Clinical and Translational Neuroscience

    Duncan leads research development in Neurorehabilitation and Clinical Neuroscience and collaborates with several NHS Trusts. Members of his team have a variety of backgrounds ranging from motor neuroscience, exercise sciences, engineering, allied health professions and computer sciences.


    • test


    Resting state functional connectivity predicts the ability to adapt arm reaching in a robot-mediated force field

    Faiman I, Pizzamiglio S and Turner DL . 2018. NeuroImage. vol 174; 494-503.

    Pizzamiglio S, Naeem U, ur Réhman SM, Sharif MS, Abdalla H and Turner DL. (2017) A multi-modal approach to measure the levels of distraction in pedestrians using mobile sensing. Procedia Computer Science 113: 89-96

    Pizzamiglio S, Abdalla H, Naeem U and Turner DL. (2017) Neural correlates of human single- and dual-task natural walking in an urban environment. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11: 460.

    Pizzamiglio S, Desowska A, Shojaii P, Taga M and Turner DL. (2017) Muscle co-contraction patterns in robot-mediated force field learning to guide specific muscle group training. Neurorehabilitation 41: 17-29.

    Rodgers H, Aird L, Andole S, Cohen D, Dawson J, Eyre J, Finch T, Ford G, Hogg S, Howel D, Hughes N, Krebs HI, Price C, Rochester L, Shaw L, Ternent L, Turner DL, Vale L and Wilkes S. (2017) Robot-assisted therapy for the upper limb after stroke: A protocol for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. BMC Trials 18: 340

    Pizzamiglio S, deLillo M, Naeem U, Abdalla H and Turner DL. (2017) High-frequency intermuscular coherence between arm muscles during robot-mediated motor adaptation. Frontiers in Physiology 7: 668.

    Subramanian L, Busse M, Brosnan M, Turner DL, Morris HR and Linden DE. (2016) fMRI neurofeedback and motor training for Parkinson’s disease: A randomised trial. Frontiers in Behavioural Neuroscience 10: 111.

    Linden DEJ and Turner DL. (2016) Real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback for motor neurorehabilitation. Current Opinion in Neurology 29: 412-418.

    Stevenson AJT, Mrachacz-Kersting N, van Asseldonk E, Turner DL and Spaich EG. (2015) Spinal plasticity in robot-mediated therapy for the lower limbs. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 12: 81.

    Turner DL, Ramos A, Birbaumer N, Hoffmann U and Luft A. (2013) Neurophysiology of robot-mediated learning and rehabilitation during recovery from brain and spinal cord injury: A perspective. Frontiers in Neurology 4:184.

    Turner DL, Kmetova M and Winterbotham W. (2012) Robot-assisted motor rehabilitation for complex upper limb impairments following childhood stroke. Journal of Neurological Research 2, 65-68.

    Turner DL, Tang X, Kmetova M and Winterbotham W. (2012) Recovery of submaximal upper limb force production is correlated with better arm position control and motor impairment early after a stroke. Clinical Neurophysiology 123: 183-92.

    Hunter T, Sacco P and Turner DL. (2011) Changes in excitability of the motor cortex associated with internal model formation during intrinsic visuomotor learning in the upper arm. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science 1: 140-152.

    Jones DA, Turner DL, McIntyre DB and Newham DJ. (2009) Energy turnover in relation to slowing of contractile properties during fatiguing contractions of the human anterior tibialis muscle. Journal of Physiology 587: 4329-4338.

    Hunter T, Sacco P, Nitsche MA and Turner DL. (2009) Modulation of internal model formation during force field-induced motor learning by anodal transcranial direct current stimulation of primary motor cortex. Journal of Physiology 587: 2949-2961.

    Sacco P, Turner DL, Rothwell JC and Thickbroom GA. (2009) Corticomotor responses to triple-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Stimulation 2: 36-40.

    Cumberland Consensus Group. (2009) The future of restorative neuroscience in stroke: Driving the translational research pipeline from basic science to rehabilitation of people after stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair 23: 97-107

    Mitchell GS, Turner DL, Henderson DR and Foley KT. (2008) Spinal serotonin receptor activation modulates the exercise ventilatory response with increased dead space. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 161: 230-238.


    Currently funded by NIHR, MRC, Industry




    PhD Supervision


    Restorative Neuroscience
    Motor Control and Adaptation
    Plasticity and Learning
    Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
    Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS)
    Neuroimaging with combined TMS-EEG
    Robotics and Virtual Reality for Stroke Rehabilitation