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    Dr Sarah Jane Fox specialises in law and policing. Sarah began her career in Policing and Law Enforcement. She holds a PhD in law whereby her research related to cross border enforcement and the implications (challenges) of the movement of people across set boundaries into other jurisdictions.

    In 2015-16 Sarah was awarded the distinguished Fulbright Commission post-doctoral research scholarship, through the discipline of law, which was also co-supported by Lloyd’s of London. Her research professorship, in the USA, related to threats and risks to critical national infrastructures, in particular, her focus related to transport modes and systems (including from cyber perpetration and penetration).

    Sarah has also worked in senior management roles, as a legal and practice consultant and adviser to a number of government departments and advisory boards relating to policing, transport and security (in the UK, across Europe and internationally). 
    She holds numerous professional and academic memberships and qualifications across these fields. Sarah is currently a member of a number of law enforcement bodies, she also sits as a member of the International Advisory Committee of the International Commission on Cyber Security Law, a Trustee on the Lloyd’s Tercentenary Research Foundation Board (as of 2017) and, remains a Fellow of the University of Liverpool (law). Additionally, she is an adviser to MAVCOM and a listed expert with the EU Parliament and has made various key note speeches and presentations at various distinguished events, such as the United Nations.

    - Lloyd's Of London (Lloyd's Tercentenary Research Foundation - LTRF); 
    - An adviser to the UK Select Committee and EU Parliament; 
     (Also an adviser to MAVCOM (Malaysian Aviation Commission) 


    Sarah’s research interest tie directly into her learning and teaching areas – namely, the professionalism and accountability of the police and the continually developing role and needs of, and for, modern day policing.   Sarah’s other current research areas are: - policing in a new technological (cyber) age; security and terrorism risk factors (prevent, protect, pursue and respond in today’s modern (cyber) world);  - conflicts and paradoxes – for example, between ‘human rights and security,’ and ‘opportunities and challenges;’ - borders, governance and accountability; - transport (safety, security and cross border movement/enforcement). 

    Funded by

    Fulbright logo


    Fox, S. J. (2014) ‘Safety & Security: The influence of 9/11 to the EU Framework.’ Research in Transportation Economics – Special Edition DOI: 10.1016/j.retrec.2014.07.004 Vol. 45 (2014), pp. 24–33 
    Fox, S. J. (2014) The evolution of aviation: In times of war and peace – blood tears and salvation! 
IJWP (2014) Vol. XXXI No. 4 Dec. pp. 49-79 
    Fox, S. J. (2015) ‘ CONTEST’ing Chicago. Origins and Reflections: Lest we forget! International Journal of Private Law, (2015) Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 73-98 
    Fox, S. J. (2015) ‘To practice justice and right’ – international aviation liability: have lessons been learnt? International Journal of Public Law and Policy, (2015) Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 162-182. DOI: 10.1504/1JPLAP.2015.071027 
    Fox, S. J. & Ismail, R., (2016) ASEAN Open Skies – Aviation Development in 2015: ‘Blue or cloudy skies? Annals of Air and Space Law. Vol. XL. Pp. 607-654 
    Fox, S. J. (2016) Single European Skies: functional airspace blocks: Delays and Responses. Air and Space Law. Vol. 41, no. 3 (2016): 201-228 
    Fox, S. (2016) Aligning (EU) Policies: A flying reform in Higher Education - The development of aviation professionals. International Journal of Aviation Management, Vol. 3, No. 1. 2016 
    Fox, S. J. (2016) SPACE: The race for mineral rights. ‘The sky is no longer the limit.’ Lessons from Earth. Resources Policy (2016) Vol. 49, September 2016, Pages 165-178. 
    Fox, S. J. (2016) Flying challenges for the future: Aviation preparedness – in the face of cyber-terrorism. Journal of Transportation Security. (Part delivered to UN – see below): First published online Sept. 2016. December 2016, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 191–218. 
    Fox, S. J. (2016) BREXIT: A bolt from the blue! – Red sky in the morning? Issues in Aviation Law and Policy. Volume 16, No. 1. Autumn, 2016, pp 83-119. 
    Fox, S. J. (2016) Green and level playing fields: A paradox of virtues. DUMPING – Anti-competitiveness. Int. J. Public Law and Policy, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2016, 333-367 
    Fox, S. J. & Ismail, R (2017) The skies the limit! – Open Skies with limitations.  European Journal of Comparative Law and Governance. Vol. 4, 2017, 7-42 
    Fox, S. J. (2017) THE RISE OF THE DRONES: Framework and Governance – Why risk it! 82 J. Air L. & Com. 683-715 
    Fox, S. J. (2017) Borderless skies! Sovereign dominance, Regionalism: Lessons from Europe. IJWP, Vol. XXXIV, No. 4 (2017) pp 9-41 
    Fox, S. J. (2017) “Mobility and Movement Are ‘Our’ Fundamental Rights”. . . Safety & Security – Risk, Choice & Conflict! Issues in Aviation Law and Policy. Volume 17 No. 1. Autumn, 2017, pp 7-43 
    Fox, S. J. (2018) Policing - the technological revolution: Opportunities & Challenges! ….. Technology in Society (linked to presentation at the UN – as below March 2018) 
    Fox, S. J. (2019) POLICING: MONITORING, INVESTIGATING and PROSECUTING: Drones. European Journal of Comparative Law and Governance 6 (2019) 1-57
    Fox, S. J. (2019) Policing aviation and keeping peace: intelligence-fed security.International Journal on World Peace. Vol. XXXVI, No.1 (March - 2019) pp. 63-92

    Fox, S. J. (2019) Positioning the Drone: Policing the “Risky” Skies. Issues in Aviation Law and Policy. Volume 18(2), Pp 295-331.

     Book contributions / chapters 
    - Fox, S. J. (2016) Legal Risk Management, Governance and Compliance. Globe Law and Business 

    Published Articles Blue-Line police/criminal justice publications (2004-2006) (Police & Criminal Justice) Commissioned publications: 
     S. J. Fox; ‘United yet still divided’ 
     S. J. Fox; ‘To Protect and Serve’ 
     S. J. Fox; ‘Hold the front page’ 
     S. J. Fox; ‘Fact or fiction’ 

    NOTE: Commissioned publications (other) 
    Springer group and Etrasa: Numerous legal and educational / transport material, textbooks and test papers etc., (Approx. 8-10 publications) 2003-2010 (for the Spanish education/business: transport/law market)