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Professor Sally Jane Cutler

Professor in Medical Microbiology

Infection & Immunity

Research expertise has evolved from arthropod-borne borrelial infections to encompass a wide array of bacterial zoonoses including Rickettsia, Coxiella, Leptospira and Bartonella. This work has gone from field-based studies through to molecular profiling and from developing countries to those in more affluent nations. This has helped to develop Professor Cutler’s international reputation in the field. She is extensively involved with dissemination of research and serves in several editorial and advisory roles. This wealth of experience is further disseminated to students through teaching activities.

    Extensive background in tick-borne disease diagnosis and research spanning over 30 years. This was initially on Lyme borreliosis and its epidemiology in the UK. Additionally I was in technical charge of the UK reference unit for several years whereby I developed new diagnostic tests and validated their diagnostic potential. I successfully cultivated the first Borrelia burgdoreri sensu lato from the UK (B. valaisiana strain UK) and undertook epidemiological analysis of the clinical cases of Lyme disease in the UK during the 1990s, with this work forming my PhD thesis.

    Additionally, I looked at veterinary cases of Lyme borreliosis and followed seroconversion in cattle following tick exposure. From this background, I extended my work to the relapsing fever Borrelia and was able to successfully cultivate two of the previously non-cultivable species (one tick-borne and the other louse-borne). This had significant impact opening subsequent research opportunities.

    Furthermore, my expertise has extended to include other tick-borne/arthropod-borne pathogens including Rickettsia, Bartonella and Coxiella. My repertoire of zoonotic interests further expanded through heading a research team on Brucellosis at was then known as the Veterinary Laboratories Agency in the UK.

    I have previously participated in an ECDC tender on “Guidance, data collection and scientific advice on tick-borne diseases” and on a subsequent one on Lyme neuroborreliosis, I have worked within several European COST Actions and the European FP6 project MedVetNet.

    I have more than 120 publications and regularly contribute to refereeing of funding applications and submitted publications by others. I additionally serve as an associate editor for Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 

    External examiner; associate editor for clinical microbiology & Infectious diseases; serve on several grant review panels; specialist advisory for the Institute for Biomedical Sciences (deputy chair, virology panel).
    • FZS Fellow of Zoological Society;
    • FRSB Fellow Royal Society of Biology;
    • CBiol Chartered Biologist;
    • FIBMS Fellow of the Institute of Biomedical Sciences;
    • CSci Chartered Scientist;
    • HCPC Registered Biomedical Scientist.
    PhD, 1992;
    MSc, 1987; 
    BSc, 1981.


    Included in the last three RAE or REF assessments of UEL.

    Research embedded through collaborative multi-national projects focused upon one health reduction of infectious diseases is particularly impactful. Training and sustainability within these settings is a research priority.

    Most recent research

    Recently funded research has included two ECDC-funded projects providing guidance and support for tick-borne infections in Europe and evaluation of their surveillance and diagnostics.

    Projects have also worked towards building knowledge, diagnostics and capacity in developing nations, particularly various African countries including Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria and Tanzania.

    Given the focus upon zoonoses, Prof. Cutler has been considerably involved with many collaborative One Health projects such as MedVetNet and various COST Actions (ticks and tick-borne diseases; brucellosis in man and animals; microarrays for containment level 3 & 4 pathogens).


    • Various collaborators both nationally and internationally, but always open to new research collaborations.


    Investigation of the effect of heat enhancement on the growth of mycobacteria in radiometric medium. 

    CUTLER, S. J. . 1988. Tubercle. 69: 197-203.

    Comparison of immunofluorescence and enzyme linked immunosorbent assays for diagnosing Lyme disease.  Journal of Clinical Pathology

    CUTLER, S. J. & WRIGHT, D. J. M. 1989. 42: 869-71. [7 citations].

    Fatal Lyme carditis and endodermal heterotopia of the atrioventricular node.  Postgraduate Medical Journal

    CARY, N. R. B., FOX, B., WRIGHT, D. J. M., CUTLER, S. J., SHAPIRO, L. M. & GRACE, A. A. 1990. 66: 134-6. [Citations 35].

    Evaluation of three commercial tests for Lyme disease.  Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CUTLER, S. J., & WRIGHT, D. J. M. 1990. 13: 271-2. [Citations 1].

    Lyme disease in Ireland.  Irish Medical Journal

    CRYAN, B., CUTLER, S. J., WRIGHT, D. J. M. 1992. 85: 65-7. [Citations 2].

    Small-fiber dysfunction in a Borrelia burgdorferi infection.  Muscle and Nerve

    HUGHES, P. J., LANE, R. J. M., CUTLER, S. J., WRIGHT, D. J. M., ABRAHAM, R. M., WADE, J. P. H. & LEVY, D. M . 1993. 16: 221-2. [Citations 1].

    Simplified method for the interpretation of immunoblots for Lyme borreliosis.  FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology

    CUTLER, S. J., WRIGHT, D. J. M. & LUCKHURST, V. H. 1993. 6: 281-6 [Citations 10].

    Predictive value of serology for diagnosing Lyme borreliosis.  Journal of Clinical Pathology

    CUTLER, S. J. & WRIGHT, D. J. M . 1994. 47:344-9. [Citations 13].

    Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans: a case report and review of the literature.  British Journal of Dermatology

    LESLIE, T. A., LEVELL, N. J., CUTLER, S. J., CANN, K. J., SMITH, M., WRIGHT, D. J. M., GILKES, J. J. H. & ROBINSON, W. E. 1994. 131:687-93. [Citations 7].

    Phylogenesis of relapsing fever Borrelia.  International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology

    MARTI RAS, N., LASCOLA, B., POSTIC, D., CUTLER, S. J., RODHAIN, F., BARANTON, G. & RAOULT D. 1996. 46: 859-865. [Citations 79].

    The Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction in patients with erythema migrans.  Journal of Spirochetal and Tick-Borne Diseases

    11. WRIGHT D. M. J., CUTLER S. J., WORMSER, G. P., LUGER, S. W & COLLINS, J. J. 1996. 3: 98-100.

    Borrelia recurrentis characterization and comparison with relapsing-fever, Lyme-associated, and other Borrelia spp.  International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology

    12. CUTLER, S. J., MOSS, J., FUKUNAGA, M. WRIGHT, D. J. M., FEKADE, D. & WARRELL, D. 1997. 47: 958-68. [Citations 34].

    Successful in-vitro cultivation of Borrelia duttonii and its comparison with B. recurrentis.  International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology

    CUTLER, S. J., AKINTUNDE, C. O. K., MOSS, J., FUKUNAGA, M., KURTENBACH, K., TALBERT, A., ZHANG, H., WRIGHT, D. J. M. & WARRELL, D. A. . 1999. 49: 1793-9. [Citations 33].

    Characterisation of silent and active genes for a variable large protein of Borrelia recurrentis.  BMC Infectious Diseases

    VIDAL, V., CUTLER, S., SCRAGG, I. G., WRIGHT D. J. M. & KWIATKOWSKI, D. 2002. [Citations 42].

    An assessment of the potential of amplified-fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) for use in identification and typing of Brucella isolates. In: Risk Infections and Possibilities for Biomedical Terrorism. NATO Science Series: Life and Behavioural Sciences. Edited by: P.H. Elzer and K.T. Metodiev

    Whatmore, A.M., Murphy, T.J., Cutler, S.J., and Macmillan, A.P. 2004. 361, 95-99.

    Construction of a Brucella melitensis ORFeome version 1.1

    Amélie Dricot, Jean-François Rual, Philippe Lamesch, Nicolas Bertin, Denis Dupuy, Hao Tong, Christophe Lambert, Régis Hallez, Jean-Marc Delroisse, Jean Vandenhaute, Ignacio Lopez-Goñi, Ignacio Moriyon, Juan Garcia-Lobo, Felix Sangari, Adrian M. Whatmore, Sally J. Cutler, Alastair P. MacMillan, David E. Hill, Marc Vidal, Jean-Jacques Letesson and Xavier De Bolle. 2004. Genome Research 14, 2201-6. [Citations 54].

    The use of amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) to identify and type Brucella species of medical and veterinary interest. Journal of Clinical Microbiology

    WHATMORE, A. M., MURPHY, T. J., SHANKSTER, S., YOUNG, E., CUTLER, S. J. & MacMILLAN, A. P. 2005. 43, 761-769. [Citations 34].

    Typing African relapsing fever spirochetes.  Emerging Infectious Diseases

    Scott, J., Wright, D., Cutler, S.J. 2005. 11, 1722-9. [Citations 26].

    Identification and characterization of variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) markers for typing of Brucella spp.  J. Clin Microbiol

    Whatmore A.M., Shankster S.J., Perrett L.L., Murphy T.J., Brew S.D., Thirlwall R.E., Cutler S.J., & MacMillan A.P. 2006. 46, 1982-1993. [Citations 103].

    Relapsing fever spirochetes Borrelia recurrentis and Borrelia duttonii utilize C4b binding protein for complement evasion.  Infection & Immunity

    Meri, T, Cutler, S.J., Blom, A.M., Meri, S. & Jokiranta, T.S. 2006. 74: 4157-63. [Citations 43].

    Are Borrelia recurrentis and Borrelia duttonii the same spirochaete? NATO ARW.  Edited by Felipe C. Cabello, Dagmar Hulinska & Henry P. Godfrey.  Life & Behavioural Sciences Vol. 373

    Cutler S. J. Scott J. C. & Wright D.J.M. 2006. IOS Press. pages 159-173.

    Phylogenic origins of Borrelia recurrentis. International Journal of Medical Microbiology

    Cutler, S.J., Scott, J.C. & Wright, D.J.M. 2008. 298 (S1): 193-202. [Citations 12].

    The genome of Borrelia recurrentis, the agent of deadly louse-borne relapsing fever, is a degraded subset of tick-borne Borrelia duttonii

    Magali Lescot, Stéphane Audic, Catherine Robert, Thitien Nguyen, Guillaume Blanc, Sally J. Cutler, Jean-Michel Claverie, Didier Raoult & Michel Drancourt. PLoS Genetics September 2008 e1000185. [Citations 74].

    Oms38, a pore-forming protein in the outer membrane of relapsing fever spirochetes. J. Bacteriology 

    Marcus Thein, Ignas Bunikis, Katrin Denker, Christer Larsson, Sally Cutler, Michele Drancourt, Tom G. Schwan, Reinhard Mentele, Friedrich Lottspeich, Sven Bergström and Roland Benz. . 2008. 190: 7035-7042. [Citations 11].

    Borrelia recurrentis Employs a Novel Multifunctional Surface Protein with Anti-Complement, Anti-Opsonic and Invasive Potential to Escape Innate Immunity

    Grosskinsky S, Schott M, Brenner C, Cutler SJ, Kraiczy P, et al. . 2009. PLoS ONE 4(3): e4858. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004858 [Citations 47].

    Human complement regulators C4b-binding protein and C1 esterase inhibitor interact with a novel outer surface protein of Borrelia recurrentis

    Grosskinsky S, Schott M, Brenner C, Cutler SJ,, Simon, M.M., Wallich, R. 2010. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 4(6): e698 [Citations 39].

    Insights into the Population Structure of East African Relapsing Fever Borrelia. Emerging Infectious Diseases

    Cutler, S.J. Bonilla, E.M., Singh, R. 2010. 16 (7) 1076-1080. [Citations 31].

    Borrelia hispanica in Ornithodoros erraticus, Portugal. Clinical Microbiology & Infection

    Palma M, Lopes de Carvalho I, Figueiredo, M, Amaro, F, Boinas F, Cutler SJ, Núncio MS. 2011. 18: 696-701. [Citations 12].

    Borrelia in Ethiopian ticks. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases

    Cutler, S.J., Abdissa, A., Adamu, H., Tolosa, T., Gashaw, A. 2012. 3: 14-17. [Citations 13].

    Bartonella in Ethiopian lice. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

    Cutler, S.J., Abdissa, A., Adamu, H., Tolosa, T., Gashaw, A. 2012. 35: 17-21. [Citations 18].

    Rickettsia hoogstraalii in Ethiopian Argas persicus ticks. Ticks & Tick-Borne Diseases

    Pader, V., Nikitorowicz-Buniak, J. Abdissa, A., Adamu, H., Tolosa, T., Gashaw, A. Cutler, S.J. 2012. 3: 337-344. [Citations 11].

    Multispacer sequence typing relapsing fever borreliae in Africa. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases

    Haitham E, Gimenez G, Sokna C, Barker SC, Cutler SJ, Raoult D, Drancourt M. 2012. 6: e1652. Doi:10.1371/journalpntd.0011652. [Citations 22].

    Complete genome sequence of Borrelia crocidurae. J Bacteriol

    Haitham E, Gimenez G, Robert C, Cutler SJ, Raoult D, Drancourt M. 2012. 194 (14) 3723-4. [Citations 20].

    Phylogenetic analysis of the spirochete Borrelia microti, a potential agent of relapsing fever in Iran. J Clin Microbiol

    Naddaf SR, Ghazinezhad B, Bahramali G, Cutler SJ. 2012. 50; (9) 2873-2876. [Citations 15].

    Coxiella burnetii in humans, domestic ruminants and ticks in rural western Kenya. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

    Knobel, D.L., Maina, A.N., Cutler, S.J., Ogola, E., Feikin, D.R., Junghae, M., Halliday, J.E.B., Richards, A.L., Breiman, R.F., Cleaveland, S., & Njenga, M.K. 2013. 88; (3) 513-8. [Citations 37].

    Portuguese hosts for Ornithodoros erraticus ticks. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases

    Palma M, Lopes de Carvalho I, Osório H, Zé-Zé L, Cutler SJ, Núncio MS. . 2013. 13; (10) 775-7. [Citations 5].

    Multiplex real-time PCR diagnostic of relapsing fevers in Africa. PLoS Neglected Trop Diseases 

    Haitham E, Henry M, Diatta G, Mediannikov O, Sokna C, Tall A, Socolovschi C, Cutler SJ, Bilcha KD, Ali J, Campelo D, Barker SC, Raoult D, Drancourt M. 2013. 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002042. [Citations 25].

    Urban leptospirosis in Africa: a cross-sectional survey of Leptospira infection in rodents in the Kibera urban settlement, Nairobi, Kenya. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 

    Halliday, JEB, Knobel, DL, Allan, KJ, Bronsvoort, M de C, Handel, I, Agwanda, B, Cutler, SJ, Olack, B, Hartskeerl, RA, Njenga, MK, Cleaveland, S, Breiman, RF. 2013. 89(6):1095-102. [Citations 26].

    High prevalence of Rickettsia africae variants in Amblyomma variegatum ticks from domestic mammals in rural western Kenya: implications for human health. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases

    Maina, A.N., Jiang, J., Omulo, S., Cutler, S.J., Ade, F., Ogola, E., Feikin, D., Njenga, M.K., Cleaveland, S., Mpoke, S., Ng’ang’a, Z., Breiman, R.F., Knobel, D.L. Richards, A.L. 2014. 14(10): 693-702. [Citations 25].

    Ornithodoros savingyi – the tick vector of Candidatus Borrelia kalaharica in Nigeria. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 56(9). DOI: 10.1128/JCM.00532-18

    Cutler, S.J., Idris, J.M., Ahmed, A.O., Elelu, N.. 2018.

    An updated meta-analysis of the distribution and prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in ticks in Europe. International Journal of Health Geographics

    Estrada-Peña, A., Cutler, S.J., Potkonjak, A., Vassier-Tussaut, M., Van Bortel, W., Zeller, H., Fernández Ruiz, N., Mihalca, A.D. 2018. Dec 4;17(1):41. doi: 10.1186/s12942-018-0163-7. [Citations 6].

    Bartonella vinsonii sub. arupensis infection in animals of veterinary importance, ticks and biopsy samples. New Microbes and New Infections 2020;

    Chochlakis, D., Cutler, S.J., Giadinis, N.D., Psaroulaki, A. 34 .

    Rejection of the name Borreliella and all proposed species comb. nov. placed therein. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 70

    Gabriele Margos, Santiago Castillo-Ramirez, Sally Cutler, Ram B. Dessau, Randi Eikeland, Agustin Estrada-Peña, Alexander Gofton, Lucía Graña-Miraglia, Klaus-Peter Hunfeld, Andreas Krause, Reto Lienhard, Per-Eric Lindgren, Charlotte Oskam, Ivo Rudolf, Ira Schwartz, Andreas Sing, Brian Stevenson, Gary P. Wormser and Volker Fingerle . pp 3577 - 3581 (2020).

    Sero-spatial epidemiology of zoonotic Coxiella burnetii in a cross section of cattle and small ruminants in Northern Nigeria. PLoS One.PONE-D-20-05178

    Nusirat Elelu, Adefolake Ayinke Bankole, Ramat Jummai Musa, Ismail Ayoade Odetokun, Musa Rabiu, Khalid Talha Biobaku, Abdulfatai Aremu, Akeem Olayiwola Ahmed, Mohammed Ibraheem Ghali, Mashood Abiola Raji, Ndudim Isaac Ogo, Sally Jane Cutler, Gabriel Adetunji Taiwo Ogundipe. 2020.

    REVIEWS / CHAPTERS: Serodiagnosis of Lyme disease.  Serodiagnosis and Immunotherapy in Infectious Disease; 

    CUTLER, S. J. & WRIGHT, D. J. M. 1988. 2: 2-6. [5 citations].

    Lyme disease - a perspective.  Culture (Oxoid)

    CUTLER, S. J. 1989. 10: 3-4.

    Diagnostic tests for Lyme borreliosis.  Current Medical Literature, Infectious Diseases

    CUTLER, S. J. 1992. 6: 67-73.

    Pitfalls in the laboratory diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis.  Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

    CUTLER, S. J. 1993. 52: 387-8.

    Pitfalls in the laboratory diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis.  In: Lyme Borreliosis, Edited by J. S. Axford & D. H. E. Rees

    CUTLER, S. J. & WRIGHT, D. J. M. 1994. Plenum Press, New York. p285-9.

    Diagnostic tests for Lyme borreliosis.  In Peer Selected Citations ‘94 Infectious Diseases.  Editors A. Bentley, R. Davidson, R. Heyderman and M. Zuckerman

    CUTLER, S. J. 1994. Current Medical Literature Ltd. p56-63.

    Lyme borreliosis- an update.  British Journal of Hospital Medicine

    CUTLER, S. J. 1996. 56: 581-4. [Citations 2].

    Lyme borreliosis: an update.  Travel Medicine International

    CUTLER, S. J. 1997. 15: 56-60.

    Lyme borreliosis: an update.  Practice Nursing

    CUTLER, S. J. 1997. 8: 33-35.

    Cultivation of East African Relapsing Fever Borrelia and Review of Preceding Events. Journal of Spirochetal and Tick-Borne Diseases

    CUTLER, S. J., JONES, S., WRIGHT, D.J.M. & ZHANG, H. 2000. 7:52-58. [Citations 1].

    CUTLER, S. J. (2001).  Molecular biology of the relapsing fever Borrelia.  In Molecular Medical Microbiology.  Ed. M. Sussman.  Chapter 98: 2093-2113.

    Cutler, S.J. and Woodward, M.J. Lyme borreliosis in the UK – ecology and risks to domestic animals and Man. (2001) Reviews in Medical Microbiology, 12(4), 199-209. [Citations 2]

    CUTLER, S. J., PAIBA, G. A., HOWELLS, J. & MORGAN, K. L.  (2002). Q fever – a forgotten disease?  Lancet Infectious Diseases; 2: 717-8. [Citations 18]

    Smits, H. L. & Cutler, S. J.  (2004) Contributions of biotechnology to the control and prevention of brucellosis in Africa.  African Journal of Biotechnology; 3: p631-636. [Citations 21]

    CUTLER, S. J., Whatmore, A.M., Commander, N.J.  (2005). Brucellosis – new aspects of an old disease.  Journal for Applied Microbiology 98: 1270-81. [Citations 97]

    Cutler, S.J.  (2006). Possibilities for Relapsing Fever Reemergence.  Emerging Infectious Diseases 12: (3); 369-374. [Citations 54]

    Cutler, S. J. & Cutler, R.R.  (2006) Brucellosis – the most common bacterial zoonotic disease? The Biomedical Scientist 50 (4): 336-341

    CUTLER, S. J.  (2006) Brucellosis – new paradigms for a classical microbe.  Culture (Oxoid); 27: 1-4

    Cutler, S.J., Bouzid, M. & Cutler, R.R. (2006) Q fever – a rarely reported zoonoses.  The Biomedical Scientist 50 (11): 973-978

    Cutler, S.J., Bouzid, M. & Cutler, R.R. (2007) Q fever.  Journal of Infection: 54: 313-318. [Citations 52]

    Cutler, S.J., & Cutler, R.R.  (2007) Glanders and melioidosis – diseases caused by Burkholderia species. Biomedical Scientist 51 (5): 348-352. 

    Cutler, S.J., Abdissa, A. & Trape, J-F. (2009) New Concepts for the Old Challenges of African Relapsing Fever Borreliosis. Clinical Microbiology & Infection.15: 400-6. [Citations 51]

    Cutler SJ, Fooks AR, van der Poel WHM. (2010) Public health threat of new, reemerging, and neglected zoonoses in the industrialized world. Emerg Infect Dis 16 (1) 1-7. [Citations 95]

    Cutler, S.J. (2010) Relapsing Fever – A forgotten disease revealed. Journal for Applied Microbiology 108: 1115-1122. [Citations 49]

    67.Cutler, S.J. Frangoulidis D. (2012) Coxiella burnetii – Q fever. BSL3 and BSL4 Agents: Epidemiology, Microbiology and Practical Guidelines. Editors Mandy Elschner, Sally Cutler, Manfred Weidman and Patrick Butaye Wiley-VCH

    Alice N. Maina; Stephanie Speck; Eva Spitalska; Rudolf Toman; Gerhard Dobler; Sally J. Cutler (2012) Rickettsiosis- Rickettsia species. BSL3 and BSL4 Agents: Epidemiology, Microbiology and Practical Guidelines. Editors Mandy Elschner, Sally Cutler, Manfred Weidman and Patrick Butaye Wiley-VCH

    Sally J. Cutler, Michel S. Zygmunt & Bruno Garin-Bastuji (2012) Brucellosis – Brucella species. BSL3 and BSL4 Agents: Epidemiology, Microbiology and Practical Guidelines. Editors Mandy Elschner, Sally Cutler, Manfred Weidman and Patrick Butaye Wiley-VCH

    Massung, R., Cutler, S., Frangoulidis, D. (2012) Molecular typing of Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) [Chapter 19]. In: Coxiella burnetii: Recent advances and new perspectives in research of the Q fever bacterium. Eds. R. Toman, R. Heinzen, J. Mege, and J. Samuel; Pub: Springer [Citations 15]

    Wolcott, R., Costerton, J.W., Raoult, D., Cutler, S.J. (2013) The polymicrobial nature of biofilm infection. Clinical Microbiology & Infection 19 (2): 107-112. [Citations 127]

    Yohannes M, Degefu H, Tolosa T, Belihu K, Cutler R, Cutler S. (2013) Brucellosis in Ethiopia. African Journal of Microbiology Research 7 (14): 1150-1157

    Cutler S.J. (2014) Bacteria: Coxiella burnetii. (Chapter 94) In: Motarjemi Y. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Food Safety, Volume 1, pp. 410-416. Waltham, MA: Academic Press. ISBN: 978-0-12-378613-5. [Citations

    Cutler S.J. (2014) Chapter 100: Bacterial zoonoses – an overview. Molecular Medical Microbiology 2e. Editors Tang, Y-W., Liu, D., Poxton, I.R., Schwartzman, J.D., Sussman, M. 1767-76. ISBN: 978-0-12-397169-2.

    Cutler, S.J. (2015) Chapter 165: Relapsing fever borreliae. Clinical Infectious Disease, 2ed. Editor David Schlossberg. Cambridge University Press. 1068-1071.

    Cutler, S.J. (2015) Relapsing fever borreliae – a global review. Clinics in Laboratory Medicine 35(4): 847-865. doi:10.1016/j.cll.2015.07.001 40 citations]

    Vayssier-Taussat, M., Kazimirova, M., Hubalek, Z., Hornok, S., Farkas, R., Cosson, J-F., Bonnet, S., Vourch, G., Gasqui, P., Mihalca, A.D., Plantard, O., Silaghi, C., Cutler, S.J. Rizzoli, A. (2015) Emerging horizons for tick-borne pathogens: from the “one pathogen-one disease” vision to the pathobiome paradigm. Future Microbiology 10 (12) 2033-43. [31 citations]

    Cutler, S.J., Ruzic-Sabljic, E., Potkonjak. A. (2017) Emerging borreliae – Expanding beyond Lyme borreliosis. Molecular Cellular Probes 31: 22-27. doi: 10.1016/j.mcp.2016.08.003. [citations 36] 

    Sally J. Cutler, Nataliia Rudenko, Marina Golovchenko, Wibke J. Cramaro, Josiane Kirpach, Sara Savic, Iva Christova, Ana Amaro. (2017) Diagnosing borreliosis Vectorborne & Zoonotic Diseases 17(1):2-11. [Citations 12]

    Marcella Mori, Katja Mertens, Sally J Cutler, Ana Sofia Santos. (2017) Critical aspects for detection of Coxiella burnetii, Vectorborne & Zoonotic Diseases 17(1) 33-44. [Citations 9]

    Vanrompay D, Nguyen TLA, Cutler SJ, Butaye P. 2017. Antimicrobial resistance in Chlamydiales, Rickettsia, Coxiella, and other intracellular pathogens. Microbiol Spectrum 5(4):ARBA-0003- 2017. doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0003-2017. [Citations 1]

    Cutler Sally, Vayssier-Taussat Muriel, Estrada-Peña Agustín, Potkonjak Aleksandar, Mihalca Andrei Daniel, Zeller Hervé. A new Borrelia on the block: Borrelia miyamotoi – a human health risk?. Euro Surveill. 2019;24(18):pii=1800170. [Citations 5]

    Ioana Adriana Matei, Agustin Estrada-Pena, Sally Jane Cutler, Muriel Vayssier-Taussat, Lucia Varela de Castro, Aleksandar Potkonjak, Herve Zeller, Andrei Daniel Mihalca. A review on the eco-epidemiology and clinical management of human granulocytic anaplasmosis and its agent in Europe. 2019 Parasites Vectors 12; 599 DOI: 10.1186/s13071-019-3852-6  [Citations 2]

    Gabriele Margos, Volker Fingerle, Sally Cutler, Alexander Gofton, Brian Stevenson, Agustín Estrada-Peña. Controversies in bacterial taxonomy: The example of the genus Borrelia. Ticks & Tick-Borne Dis 2020 11(2)101335. [Citations 4]

    Cutler SJ, Vayssier-Taussat M, Estrada-Pena A, Potkonjak A, Mihalca AD, Zeller H, Tick-borne diseases and co-infection: Current considerations, Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases (2020), doi:

    Frangoulidis D., Walter M.C., Fasemore A.M., Cutler S.J. Molecular Typing of Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) – routine application in diagnostics is still fiction. Submitted November 2020

    CUTLER, S. J.  (1988) Evaluation of the Oxoid signal system for the detection of mycobacteria.  European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases; 7: 695-6.

    MORGAN-CAPNER, P., CUTLER, S. J., & WRIGHT, D. J. M.  (1989) Borrelia burgdorferi infection in UK workers at risk of tick bites.  Lancet; 333: 789-90. [Citations 12]

    REVINGTON, P. J., WRIGHT, D. J. M., & CUTLER, S. J.  (1990). A deer survey in Richmond park.  Deer; 8: 30-1.

    LUPOLI, S., CUTLER, S. J., STEPHENS, C. O., WRIGHT, D. J. M., BLACK, C. M.  (1991)  Lyme disease and localized scleroderma - no evidence for a common aetiology.  British Journal of Rheumatology; 30: 154-6. [Citations 11]

    CUTLER, S. J., FEKADE D, HUSSEIN K., KNOX K. A., MELKA A., CANN K., EMILIANUS, A. R., WARRELL, D. A. & WRIGHT, D. J. M.  (1994). Successful in vitro cultivation of Borrelia recurrentis.  Lancet; 343: No. 8891 242. [Citations 28]

    SUMPTION, K. J., WRIGHT, D. J. M., CUTLER, S. J. & DALE, B. A. S.  (1995) Human ehrlichiosis in the UK.  Lancet; 346: No. 8988 1487-8 [Citations 69]

    CRANWELL, M. P. & CUTLER, S. J.  (1996) Lyme disease serology in cattle.   The Veterinary Record; June 1: 551-2.

    CUTLER, S.J. (1996). Laboratory diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis is under review. Lancet; 348: No9020, 117. DOI:

    VIDAL, V., SCRAGG, I. G., CUTLER, S. J., ROCKETT, K. A., FEKADE, D., WARRELL, D. A., WRIGHT, D. J. M., KWIATKOWSKI, D.  (1998).  Variable major lipoprotein is a major TNF-inducing factor of louse-borne relapsing fever.  Nature Medicine; 4: 1416-1420.

    MORGAN-CAPNER, P., CUTLER, S.J., WRIGHT, D.J.M., HAMLET, N., NATHWANI, D., HO-YEN, D.O. et al. (1989). Borrelia burgdorferi infection in UK workers at risk of tick bites. Lancet; 333: No8641, 789-790. [citations 8]

    TAKAHASHI, Y., CUTLER, S. J. & FUKUNAGA, M.  (2000). Size conversion of a linear plasmid in the relapsing fever agent Borrelia duttonii.  Microbiol. Immunol.; 44: 1071-4. [Citations 7]

    CUTLER, S.J., BROWNING, P. & SCOTT, J.  (2006).  Ornithodoros moubata, a soft tick vector for Rickettsia in East Africa?  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1078: 373-7. [Citations 9]

    Meri, T., Pursa, E., Cutler, S.J., Jokiranta, T.S. (2007). A novel classical pathway evasion mechanism by relapsing fever Borreliae.  Molecular Immunology; 44: 215.

    Thirwall, R.E., Commander, N.J., Brew, S.D., Cutler, S.J., McGiven, J.A. & Stack, J.A. (2008). Improving the specificity of immunodiagnosis for porcine brucellosis. Veterinary Research Communications. 32:209-13. [Citations 8]

    Cutler, S.J. (2008). Human brucellosis – where, when, what and how? Journal of Clinical Pathology e-letter 200705310.

    Cutler, S.J. (2009) Myths, legends and realities of relapsing fever borreliosis. Clinical Microbiology & Infection Editorial 15:395-6. [Citations 1]

    Cutler, S.J., Fooks, A.R., van der Poel, W.H.M. (2010) Diseases and Industrial Food Animal Production (Letters). Emerging Infectious Diseases; 16 (9): 1503-4.

    Cutler, S.J., Rinky, I.J., Bonilla, E.M. (2011) Does RecA have a role in Borrelia recurrentis? Clinical Microbiology & Infection 17 (2) 195-7. [Citations 1]

    Cutler, S. (2011) Spirochaetes: past lessons to future directions. Clinical Microbiology & Infection 17 (4) 481-3.

    Cutler, S.J. (2013) Dangerous liaisons – our expanding appreciation of microbial synergism. Clinical Microbiology & Infection 19 (2) 105-6.

    Naddaf, S.R., Ghazinezhad, B., Sedaghat, M.M., Asl, H.M, Cutler, S.J. (2015) Tick-borne relapsing fever in southern Iran. Emerging Infectious Diseases 21 (6) 1078-80 DOI: 10.3201/eid2106.141715.[2 citations]

    Cutler, S.J. (2015) Neglected zoonoses: forgotten infections among disregarded populations. Clinical Microbiology & Infection 21 (5) 392-3.

    Cutler, S.J. (2016) Refugee crisis and re-emergence of forgotten infections in Europe. Clinical Microbiology & Infection 22 (1) 8-9. [4 citations]

    110.Shirani, D., Rakhshanpoor, A., Cutler, S.J., Ghazinezhad, B., Naddaf, S.R. (2016). A case of canine borreliosis in Iran caused by Borrelia persicus. Ticks & Tick-Borne Diseases 7 (3) 424-6. [1 citation]

    Antonelli, G. & Cutler, S. Evolution of Koch’s postulates: towards a twenty-first century understanding of microbial infection. (2016) Clinical Microbiology & Infection 22(7) 583-4. doi:10.1016/j.cmi.2016.03.030.

    Gabriele Margos; Durdica Marosevic; Sally Cutler; Marketa Derdakova; Maria Diuk-Wasser; Stefan Emler; Durland Fish; Jeremy Gray; Klaus-Peter Hunfeld; Benoit Jaulhac; Olaf Kahl; Sergey Kovalev; Peter Kraiczy; Robert S. Lane; Reto Lienhard; Per-Eric Lindgren; Nicholas Ogden; Katharina Ornstein; Tobias Rupprecht; Ira Schwartz; Andreas Sing; Reinhard K. Straubinger; Franc Strle; Maarten Voordouw; Annapaola Rizzoli; Brian Stevenson; Volker Fingerle (2017). There is inadequate evidence to support the division of the genus Borrelia. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology; 67: 1081-4. 

    Cutler, S.J. Adding a further twist to the tail of leptospirosis in the UK. (2017). Veterinary Record 180 (17) p422-3.

    Cutler, S.J. & Bottieau, E. Migrant health – a cause for concern? (2017) Clinical Microbiology & Infection, 23 (5); pages to follow.

    Naddaf, S.R., Ghazinezhad, B., Kazemirad, E., Cutler, S.J. (2017) Relapsing fever causative agent in southern Iran is a closely related species to East African borreliae. Ticks and Tick borne Diseases 8 882-6. [Citations 3]

    Brian Stevenson, Volker Fingerle, Gary P. Wormser, Gabriele Margos & 67 others. (2019)
    Public health and patient safety concerns merit retention of Lyme borreliosis-associated spirochetes within the genus Borrelia, and rejection of the genus novum Borreliella. Ticks and Tick borne diseases 10 (1):1-4.

    Gabriele Margos; Santiago Castillo-Ramirez; Sally Cutler; Ram B. Dessau; Randi Eikeland; Agustin Estrada-Peña; Alexander Gofton; Lucía Graña; Klaus-Peter Hunfeld; Andreas Krause; Reto Lienhard; Per-Eric Lindgren; Charlotte Oskam; Ivo Rudolf; Ira Schwartz; Andreas Sing; Brian Stevenson; Gary P. Wormser; Volker Fingerle. (2020) Rejection of the name Borreliella and all proposed species comb. nov. placed therein. Request for an opinion. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology  70 (5); 3577-81 IJSEM-D-20-00172


    Recent funding included:

    ECDC Tender partner  “Guidance, data collection and scientific advice on tick-borne diseases” £25,420 UEL component; full grant  £141,497 Jan 2015 3yrs

    AREF Research Development  funding  with Nusirat Elelu “Establishing presence of Ornithodoros ticks in Nigeria & assessment of their potential as vectors of clinical importance” £37,333  Jan 2018 15 months

    GCRF Funding “Integrated Participatory One Health Approach to Tick-Borne Diseases in Nigeria” £25,000 Jan 2020-June 2020.

    ECDC Tender partner “Support to ECDC and EU Member States on Lyme neuroborreliosis surveillance and expert advice on tick borne diseases”, Ref.: NP/2019/OCS/960 2019

    Seedcorn: Q fever – a forgotten pathogen in our midst? (2006 £24,888 over 3 years)

    MedVetNet (EU FP6 NoE: New, emerging & neglected zoonoses (2006 14,000 euros 1 year)

    CBRN S&T: Animal reservoirs of zoonotic disease (2006 with Prof Taylor over 2 years)

    CBRN S&T: Real-time PCR diagnostic tests for selected agents (2006 for 3 years)

    Wellcome Trust: Relationships between human & animal health in Kenya (with Dr Cleaveland – collaborative role)

    ISTC: Monitoring of human & animal brucellosis in Kazakhstan (2006 collaborative role)

    Government funding Portugal: tick-borne diseases in Portugal (2006 collaborative role as project consultant)

    UEL Promising Researcher: Multiplex detection of bacterial zoonoses (2007 £50,000 over 10 months)

    Nuffield vacation studentship: Characterising a Rickettsial species found in the African soft tick Ornithodoros moubata (2009 £1500 8 weeks)

    SGM: Summer vacation studentship: Simplification of rickettsial diagnostics (2010 £1880 8 weeks)

    SGM Presidents Fund Ticks & lice in Ethiopia (2010 £2945 4 weeks)

    UEL Research Development Funding Characterisation of Rickettsia in soft ticks (2011 £5000)

    Nuffield Vacation Studentship on in situ typing of Leptospirosis among UK wildlife. (2011 £1588 8 weeks)

    Astellas: evaluation of antifungal agents & fungal biofilms (with Imperial College 2011 £6000).

    UEL summer internship – Bartonella in head lice (2012 £2000)

    UEL summer internship – Do Leptospira in environmental & wildlife pose a risk to human/veterinary health? (2011 £2000)

    UEL School-funded PhD studentship; 3 years. Funded £18250 2013

    Comparative virulence of Campylobacter concisus and Campylobacter jejuni using a novel in vitro model.

    SfAM Students into work (2013 £2500) Bartonella in lice and ticks.

    UEL summer student intern “Presence of non-thermophilic Campylobacter in UK diarrhoeal stools” £2000 Jan 2014

    SfAM Students into work grant “Louse phylogeny and infection” £2500 March 2014.

    UEL mid-career research funding call 2014 £3000 over 1 year. Molecular characterisation of lice.

    UEL School of Health, Sport & Bioscience research funding to undertake multipathogen array screening of human lice £7000 December 2014.

    Probiotics and their ability to interfere with tissue invasion by Campylobacter concisus. 2015 £6100 over 1 year. Probiotics International Ltd (Protexin).


    ECDC Tender partner  “Guidance, data collection and scientific advice on tick-borne diseases” £25,420 UEL component; full grant  £141,497 Jan 2015

    Civic Engagement Funding UEL “Impact of Head Louse Infestations in London” £4450 Nov 2015 over 1 year.


    Progressing scientific knowledge

    I am passionate about research, whether it is my own or that of others. I work with several learned societies to further knowledge and serve as an associate editor for Clinical Microbiology and Infection.


    Capacity building and improving diagnostics in developing countries

    I am keen to improve diagnostic capacity in developing nations.


    Vector-borne infections; zoonoses; medical microbiology.



    Teaching experience from undergraduate through to postgraduate. Several PhD and MRes completions. Research degree examination experience.