The Centre on Human Rights in Conflict (CHRC) is an interdisciplinary centre that carries out academic and policy-orientated research in situations of military, political, cultural, social, economic conflict and in transition from authoritarian regimes. Our work addresses the complex and dynamic relationships between human rights and conflict, including:
- Human rights violations as causes and consequences of conflict
- Human rights claims as sources of conflict
- Dilemmas of accountability in post-conflict situations
- Human rights as a framework for resolving conflicts and building post-authoritarian societies.
The CHRC focuses on the interplay between international law and international politics and the legal, political and cultural contests about human rights.
Professor Chandra Lekha Sriram joined the School of Law at the University of East London in 2005 as its inaugural Professor of Human Rights, when she also founded and directed the Centre on Human Rights in Conflict. As director of the Centre, she raised collaborative grants from the British Academy, the United States Institute of Peace, the Leverhulme Trust, the European Union, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. From 2010-2013, she was Professor of Law at the University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies.
She returned to UEL as Professor of International Law and International Relations in 2013, accompanied by colleagues working on her collaborative grant funded by the Economic and Social Research Council and the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research in collaboration with Anja Mihr of the University of Utrecht. She is now the principal investigator on a research project on justice and accountability, gender, and land and property in post-accord Colombia, with Centre co-deputy director Sally Holt.
Professor Sriram has authored three monographs, edited or co-edited 11 books or special journal issues, and published numerous and essays in the field of post-atrocity justice, conflict resolution and peacebuilding, including: Peace as governance: Power-sharing, armed groups and contemporary peace negotiations (2008); Globalizing justice for mass atrocities: A revolution in accountability (2005); and Confronting past human rights violations: Justice vs peace in times of transition (2004). Her coedited book, Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding on the Ground: Victims and Excombatants was published by Routledge in 2012. The successful War,Conflict and Human Rights textbook, co-authored with Olga Martin-Ortega and Johanna Herman published its third edition in August 2017. She is the editor of Transitional Justice in the Middle East and North Africa, which was published by Hurst and Oxford University Press in 2016.
Professor Sriram has twice been the chair of the International Studies Association Human Rights section, and is a co-chair of the London Transitional Justice Network. She is also the co-editor of a book series with Routledge on Law, conflict and international relations.
She received her PhD in Politics from Princeton University in 2000, her JD from the University of California-Berkeley in 1994, and her BA in Political Science and MA in International Relations from the University of Chicago in 1991.
Sally is on leave from the Centre for a year until August 2018. She will be working with the Democratic Progress Institute, an NGO which seeks to promote peace and democracy building through strengthened public dialogue and engagement.
Nicola Antoniou, Lecturer
Nicola is a part-time lecturer at UEL, teaching Evidence and Criminal Law on the LLB.
In addition to her lecturing, Nicola is a Supervising Solicitor at UEL’s Legal Advice Centre, where she supervises students who provide advice to the local community on the following areas of law: contract/consumer; housing; employment and social security matters.
Nicola and Patrick Hassan-Morlai are currently undertaking research on clinical legal education to present at a conference at Palacký University, Czech Republic.
When Nicola is not at UEL, she works as a consultant Solicitor Advocate for a leading Legal 500 law firm in London, where she specialises in criminal defence work. Nicola has her Higher Rights of Audience, which means that she can conduct matters in the higher courts.
Barry Collins, Senior Lecturer
Barry Collins teaches Law and Society, Human Rights, Employment Law and Tort law. His main interest is in the field of legal theory, particularly as it relates tothemes of nationalism, constitutionalism and conflict resolution. His publications to date have brought perspectives from legal and psychoanalytical theory to bear on Irish Constitutional Law and on conflict resolution in Northern Ireland and the Middle East. He is also currently working on a PhD around these topics.
In 2003, he was a visiting scholar at the Socio-Legal Research Centre at the Griffith University, Australia, and he has organised conferences around the theme of Law and Cultural Studies at the Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Spain.
Costantino Grasso, Lecturer
Costantino Grasso is Lecturer in Law at UEL, visiting lecturer at Queen Mary University of London and Global MBA module leader for Corporate Governance and Ethics at the University of London. His foremost areas of research are financial crime, corporate governance and corporate social responsibility. In particular, in the latest years, he has focused on corporate criminal liability and on the effectiveness of corporate and compliance measures to counter financial crime offences such as bribery and corruption, fraud, tax evasion, money laundering and terrorism financing. He has also conducted comprehensive studies on European criminal law, economic sanctions, corruption in the oil and gas sector, transitional justice, as well as energy trade and governance. His research has always been inspired by the necessity of taking into consideration the protection of fundamental rights and, in particular, the right to a fair trial and due process. He is the author of various articles, chapters and volumes both in English and Italian.
In 2012, he was selected as an international expert and rapporteur for the European Union Project ‘Prevention of fraud, corruption and bribery committed through legal entities for the purpose of financial and economic gain’ led by the T.M.C. Asser Institute in cooperation with the Dutch Ministry of Justice.
Being qualified as a solicitor in England and Wales and as a lawyer in Italy, he has always combined academic activities with legal practice. In 2014, he worked as a corporate governance and compliance specialist for the Serious Fraud Office participating in the first-ever U.K. Deferred Prosecution Agreement between that prosecuting body and ICBC Standard Bank Plc, which concerned a complex case of transnational bribery. On that occasion, he received an award for the substantial input into the success of the agreement.
Narmala Halstead is a Reader in anthropology with expertise on migration and diaspora, state, and violence, social change, digital technology and empowerment. She has specialist interests in reflexive methodologies and practice. Narmala has regional expertise on Guyana, the Caribbean diaspora and migrant localities in New York. She has also conducted research on migrants in London and on Portuguese migrants in Wales, UK. Her work intersects on (i) reflexive methodologies, practice and knowledge debates (ii) non-ethnicity, belonging and digital/media-informed transformations (iii) state, violence, citizenship and migration.
Her research explores migration, belonging, cultural change and violence, spanning everyday accounts as well as larger issues on global citizenship and the state. She is currently developing a project on cities, digital technologies, citizenship and belonging. After completing her PhD (anthropology) at Brunel University, Narmala taught for a year at Brunel and for several years at Cardiff University. She held a university lectureship with Cardiff University.
Maja Korac-Sanderson, Reader
Maja Korac-Sanderson co-directs the Centre for Social Justice and Change, and co-leads MA in Refugee Studies, both at the School of Social Sciences, UEL. Maja’s research is in the area of conflict, gender, migration and integration. Her special area of interest is the role of gender in conflict and conflict resolution within the conceptual framework of social capital. Within this framework her research examines how bonding and bridging connections shaping conflict situations as well as peace-building processes are gendered.
Maja is one of the founding members of the Women in Conflict Zones Network (WICZNET), an international network of scholars, policymakers and grassroots women’s groups from around the world. Maja has held positions at the Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford (Britain), Centre for Refugee Studies and the Centre for Feminist Research, York University (Canada), and University of Belgrade (Yugoslavia/Serbia). She has experience of consultancy work for governments and non-governmental organisation.
Maja Korac-Sanderson’s books include - Remaking Home: Reconstructing Life, Place and Identity in Rome and Amsterdam, Berghahn Books Oxford 2009; Linking Arms: Women and war in post-Yugoslav States, Life & Peace Institute, Uppsala 1998, and Captives of Their Sex: Social Identity of Young Rural Women Between Traditional Culture and Contemporary Values, the Institute for Sociological Research, University of Belgrade 1991 (published in Serbian). She co-edited Feminist under Fire: Exchanges across War Zones, Toronto: Between the Lines 2003, and Women in Conflict Zones, Special Issue, Canadian Women’s Studies, 2000, 19:4, York University Publications. She has also published widely in academic journals such as Journal of Refugee Studies, Sociology (BSA), and Women’s International Studies Forum. Email: email@example.com
Catherine Hobby, Senior Lecturer
Catherine Hobby has taught at UEL for over seventeen years and is, at present, employed part-time. Before becoming a full-time member of staff in 1993 she was a consultant and helped establish the charity Public Concern at Work. She works in the areas of Employment Law, Industrial Relations, Public Law and Human Rights. She currently teaches modules on Constitutional & Administrative Law and Human Rights on the LLB degree course.
Annalisa Meloni, Senior Lecturer
Dr Annalisa Meloni graduated with a LLB in English and European Laws from the University of Essex in 1998. She then studied at University College London where she received her LLM in 1999 and her PhD in 2005. Her research interests focus on the European Union's laws and policies relating to external border controls.
Dr John Morrison, Reader
Dr John Morrison is Director of the University of East London’s Terrorism and Extremism Research Centre. He is an expert on violent dissident Irish republicanism, organisational fragmentation and broader issues relating to the psychology of terrorist involvement. He is an editorial board member of Perspectives on Terrorism and Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression. In 2016, alongside Dr Paul Gill of University College London, he co-edited a special issue of Terrorism and Political Violence that looked at one hundred years of Irish Republican paramilitary activity from 1916 to 2016. In 2014 his first book The Origins and Rise of Dissident Irish Republicanism was published with Bloomsbury Academic Press. Prior to joining UEL John was a postdoctoral research fellow at the International Center for the Study of Terrorism (ICST) at Pennsylvania State University. Within this role he was the project manager of ICST’s research on modern-day dissident Irish Republican organisations. Dr Morrison’s current research interests relate to the role of trust in terrorist decision-making, violent dissident Irish republicanism, and expert novice differences in terrorist activity.
Anthony Richards, Reader
Anthony Richards is a Reader in Terrorism Studies in the School of Business and Law at the University of East London, where he teaches on the MSc Critical Perspectives on Terrorism and Critical Perspectives on Counter-Terrorism modules. He is the author of Conceptualizing Terrorism which was published with Oxford University Press in September 2015. He was the lead editor for the volume Terrorism and the Olympics: Major event security and lessons for the future (London: Routledge, 2011) and has published on a wide variety of other terrorist related themes including radicalisation and extremism, UK counter-terrorism, British public and Muslim attitudes towards both terrorism and counter-terrorism, homeland security, and terrorism in Northern Ireland. He has spoken at various conferences and convened a panel at the British International Studies Association 2015 annual conference on the meaning of terrorism. He has also contributed to briefings on terrorism and radicalisation at the Home Office and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
Dr André Slowak, Senior Lecturer
Dr André Slowak conducts research in industrial sustainability, the setting of industry standards and governments’ policy making. His experience covers automotive, manufacturing and green and clean technology sectors. André has supervised various multi-stakeholder projects for MSc business school programmes. He works closely with industry practitioners and environmental sustainability policy influencers. André’s interest in the CHRC is about environmental transitional justice and natural resources solidarity.John Strawson, Honorary Professor of Law
John Strawson was former Director and Co-Director of the CHRC (2010-2015). He is a colonial legal historian with contemporary interests in International law, the Middle East and Islamic Law. He has written on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, Islamic law in colonial India, Law and September 11 2011, the Iraq war and the Arab Spring. His current interests include conflict resolution and the transitional process in the Middle East and the implications of colonial rule for current images of Islamic law. He has held visiting positions at the International Institute for Social Sciences in Netherlands (now of the Erasmus University Rotterdam), the Institute of Law at Birzeit University, Palestine and was visiting professor of law at the International Islamic University Malaysia in 2007. He has held research grants from the British Council, the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and the British Academy. He broadcasts on international law, the Middle East and Islamic Law.
His publications include (as editor) Law after Ground Zero (GlassHouse/Routldege-Cavendish 2002), Partitioning Palestine: Legal Fundamentalism in the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict (Pluto Press, 2010) and co-editor (with Barry Collins) of Iraq and Human Rights a special issue of the International Journal on Contemporary Iraqi Studies, (Vol. 5. No. 3 (2011).Aaron Winter, Senior Lecturer
Dr. Aaron Winter, BA Honours in Political Science (York, Canada), MA in Philosophy and Social Theory (Warwick, UK), DPhil in Social and Political Thought (Sussex, UK), is Senior Lecturer in Criminology and Criminal Justice at UEL. His research is on organised racism, right-wing extremism, terrorism and hate crime (with a particular focus on the US, Canada and Britain) and has been interviewed about these by the BBC, CBC, The Times, LBC and Dundee Courier. He is co-editor of Discourses and Practices of Terrorism: Interrogating Terror (Routledge, 2010), New Challenges for the EU Internal Security Strategy (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013) and Reflexivity in Criminological Research Experiences with the Powerful and the Powerless (Palgrave, 2014). He has also contributed to Religion and Violence: An Encyclopedia of Faith and Conflict (M.E.Sharpe, 2010), Encyclopedia of American Street Crime (Sage, 2013) and several edited collections including Extremism in America (University Press Florida, 2014). He is a Trustee of the British Sociological Association (BSA), co-convener of the BSA Race and Ethnicity Study Group, coordinator of the Race, Ethnicity and Migration Stream for the BSA Annual Conference and on the editorial board of the journal Sociological Research Online.
Mertkan's PhD project is entitled: "Re-thinking about the universality of human rights and the reflections of the human rights discourse on the identity issue in Cyprus". His research aims to interrogate universality of the human rights discourse in the light of the critical legal theory. The case study will be focusing on the human rights discourses in two parts of Cyprus. Cyprus conflict is one of the frozen conflicts, and it is sustained, in addition to many other factors also with the antagonism in many spheres to the “other” side. From this perspective human rights discourses in Cyprus will be analyzed in order to provide a basis to make the critic of the universality. While doing this, the identity and the human rights discourses will be elaborated together, in order to understand if the human rights are “universal” or it is merely “community centric”.
Sara Solmone studied her BA in International Communication at the University for Foreigners of Perugia (2005) and completed her LLM in International Relations in 2010 at the University of Perugia. The title of her doctoral project is “The concept of State jurisdiction online and respect for human rights in contemporary international law”. This project investigates both the concept of State jurisdiction online and the role played by States and non-State actors (such as Internet Service Providers - ISPs) in granting the fulfilment of human rights in the cyberspace. The research intends to determine whether and how the concept of State jurisdiction changes when human rights violations occur in the virtual space, rather than in a clearly identifiable physical location. The research intends to identify the positive and negative obligations that States must obey to guarantee human rights in cyberspace pursuant to the human rights conventions to which they are a signatory. The research also intends to establish how States comply with these obligations and the role played by non-State actors in granting the fulfilment of human rights in the cyberspace. An analysis of State jurisdiction on the Internet will be undertaken to understand which acts, whether commissive or omissive, the States must enforce to protect anyone who is subject to their jurisdiction from human rights violations on the Internet. Therefore, on the one hand, this analysis will help clarify the standards of protection that the States must achieve according to their ratified human rights conventions, the subjects towards whom this protection must be directed, and the applying limitations. On the other hand, the research will explain the positive obligations with which States must comply to promote human rights in cyberspace and how they fulfil these obligations. Considering that multiple actors influence and participate in regulating the Web to achieve the protection of human rights, the research also intends to interrogate the role of non-State actors in this process, such as ISPs.
Johanna was Research Assistant (2006-2008), Research Fellow (2008-2015) and Senior Research Fellow and Deputy Director of the CHRC (20015-2017). Her areas of research interests included transitional justice, peacebuilding and human rights. Her personal research was on the Khmer Rouge tribunal in Cambodia, focusing on the participation of victims as civil parties. She led the project "Local voices in internationalised justice" on this topic funded by the Nuffield Foundation. She was part of a CHRC team that delivered human rights and conflict resolution training to young people in northern Cyprus as part of the Europeaid funded project, Youthtopia in 2014/2015.
Johanna worked as a researcher on a wide range of CHRC projects. These were: the ESRC/NWO project "The impact of transitional justice on democratic institution-building", the USIP funded project "Transitional Justice as Peacebuilding?", the EU FP VII project "Building a Just and Durable Peace by Piece" and the British Academy Large Grant "Rule of Law in African countries emerging from violent conflict: critical issues and cases".
She co-authored three editions of War, Conflict and Human Rights: Theory and Practice with her colleagues at the Centre and co-edited Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding on the Ground, Peacebuilding and Rule of Law in Africa: Just Peace? and Surviving Field Research: Working in Violent and Difficult Situations. Johanna received her MA in International Affairs from Columbia University’s School of International And Public Affairs in 2006, with a concentration in human rights. She holds a BA in Social and Political Sciences from Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. She has worked in various capacities for UN-HABITAT and the United Nations Development Programme in Japan, Afghanistan and New York and has work experience with a number of international NGOs.
Olga was a Senior Research Fellow at the CHRC (2006-2012) and member of the Management Team at the CHRC (2010-2012). Whilst at the CHRC she conducted research in the areas of business and human rights in conflict zones, post-conflict reconstruction and transitional justice. She lead the British Academy Small Grant “The role of hybrid courts in the institutional and substantive development of international criminal justice. A study of the War Crimes Chamber of the State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina” (2010-2012) and participated in the large projects: “Transitional Justice as Peacebuilding?”, United States Institute For Peace Research Grant (2010-2012); “Just and Durable Peace by Piece”, European Union VII Framework Collaborative Project, coordinated by the University of Lund (Sweden) (2008-2011) and “Rule of law in African countries emerging from violent conflict: critical issues and cases”, British Academy Large Research Grant (2007-2010).
Valerie Arnould was a Research Fellow on the research project looking at the impact of transitional justice measures on democratic institution-building (www.tjdi.org). The project was funded by the ESRC and undertaken in collaboration with the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights at Utrecht University. She holds a PhD and MA in War Studies from King’s College London, and degrees in international relations and international law from the Universite Libre de Bruxelles. Her dissertation focused on the domestic politics of transitional justice in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. After finishing her PhD she was a visiting lecturer on the human rights programme at the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa. She previously worked as a research fellow at the Royal Institute for International Relations (Egmont Institute) in Brussels, and as a senior analyst for Central Africa and francophone West Africa at a London-based strategic intelligence company.
Elizabeth Rhoads was the Research Administrator on the research project looking at the impact of transitional justice measures on democratic institution-building (www.tjdi.org). She received her M.A. in Human Rights Law from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. She also holds a bachelor’s degree in Cultural Anthropology with a concentration in Peace and Conflict Studies from Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania. Elizabeth is a former Fulbright Research Fellow (Indonesia, 2007-2008) and has spent four years working and researching in Southeast Asia. She has several years’ experience working at various rights and educational non-profits in the U.S., U.K., Indonesia, and Myanmar. Her interests include transitional justice, armed conflicts in Southeast Asia, and the role of civil society in democratic transitions.
Past Visiting Fellows
From 28 April-8 May 2014, Dr. Thomas Obel Hansen was a Visiting Research Fellow at the CHRC in connection to a British Academy-funded research project, headed by Professor Chandra Lekha Sriram, concerning "The role of civil society in promoting accountability for serious crimes in Kenya". Thomas is currently employed as an assistant professor of international law with United States International University in Nairobi, Kenya. He holds a PhD in law from Aarhus University Law School in Denmark (2010). Thomas’ research focuses on transitional justice and international criminal law.
Professor Tom Hadden is Emeritus Professor at the School of Law, Queen’s University, Belfast and was appointed as a Visiting Fellow at the CHRC to enable collaboration specifically on work relating to minority rights, integration and social cohesion. Prof. Hadden has written extensively in the field of human rights law, including issues of emergency law and minority rights, and is a recognised expert in these fields. He has worked with the UN Working Group on Minorities, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities on issues of integration and separate provision for minorities.
Despoina-Betty Kaklamanidou, Visiting Research Fellow 2012-2013 at the School of Law and Social Sciences at UEL. She has been teaching Film History and Theory at the Film Studies Department at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece since 2005. She is currently conducting research on how film can be used as teaching tool for the dissemination of good practices concerning citizenship issues.
Dr. Kalliopi Chainoglou, Research Fellow 2012-2013, Visiting Research Fellow 2014-2015. During her time with the centre Kalliopi worked on an interdisciplinary research project which brings together issues of media literacy, human rights awareness and the evolving concept of the European active citizenship.
Ellie Smith, Visiting Researcher 2011. Ellie is an international human rights lawyer and researcher with 10 years of experience in the field of justice for survivors of torture, reparations and victims’ rights.
Dr. Ruth Abril Stoffels, Visiting Researcher, June-July 2011. Dr. Abril is Reader at the Universidad Cardenal Herrera CEU of Valencia. During her stay at the Centre Dr. Abril is conducting research on women and girls in peace-building operations. Her work on humanitarian assistance is internationally recognised and has won the Paul Reuter Award in 2003.
Dr. Elena Lopez-Almansa Beaus, Visiting Researcher, November-December 2009. During her stay at the CHRC Dr. Lopez Almansa Beaus conducted research on the illegal exploitation of natural resources in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Dr. Carmen Draghici, Leverhulme Visiting Fellow, January 2008-January 2009. During her stay at the Centre Dr. Draghici undertook the research project on 'The search for a fair balance between the imperative of national security and the protection of human rights in the recent caselaw of the European Courts concerning the ‘blacklists’ of alleged terrorists'. She also coordinated the organisation of the Interdisciplinary Research Seminar on Counterterrorism, Human Rights and International Legality which gathered perspectives from scholars, practitioners, human rights activists.
Johanna Herman worked at the Centre on Human Rights in Conflict from 2006 - 2017. She became a Research Fellow in 2008, and in 2015 was appointed Senior Research Fellow and Deputy Director of the Centre. Johanna received her MA in International Affairs from Columbia University’s School of International And Public Affairs in 2006, with a concentration in human rights. She holds a BA in Social and Political Sciences from Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. She has worked in various capacities for UN-HABITAT and the United Nations Development Programme in Japan, Afghanistan and New York and has work experience with a number of international NGOs.
She is now combining her human rights background with training in full-stack web development at Founders & Coders to work in the tech for good field.
Jérémie Gilbert is Professor of Human Rights Law at the University of Roehampton, United Kingdom. Jérémie worked at UEL from 2013 - 2017 as a Reader, and then received his professorial chair in 2015. Previously he was a Senior Lecturer in Law at Middlesex University, a Lecturer in Human Rights at the Transitional Justice Institute (University of Ulster) and a teaching fellow at the European Masters in Human Rights and Democratisation (Venice). Beforehand he worked for different NGOs such as the South Asia Human Rights Documentation Centre in New Delhi and Greenpeace both France and Canada. He holds a PhD in International Law (2004-Galway), an L.L.M. (Masters) in Human Rights (2001-Galway) and a Maîtrise en Droit International Public (2000-Montreal) and a Licence en droit (1999- Paris X).
His main area of research is on international human rights law, and more particularly the rights of minorities and indigenous peoples. He has published various books, articles and book chapters on the rights of indigenous peoples, looking in particular at their right to land. His latest monograph is ‘Nomadic Peoples and Human Rights’ (Routledge, 2014).
Dr Edel Hughes is a Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Middlesex. She worked at UEL from 2012-2017. She graduated from University College Cork, Ireland, in 2002 with a BCL (Law and French). She was awarded an LLM and PhD degrees in International Human Rights Law from the National University of Ireland, Galway in 2003 and 2009 respectively. Prior to joining the University of East London, Edel was a lecturer in law at the School of Law, University of Limerick, Ireland, from 2006 and 2011.
Edel's main research interests are in the area of international human rights law and she has published widely in this area. Her research to date has focused on human rights and conflict, freedom of religion, and minority rights, with a regional interest in Turkey and the Middle East. She has also engaged in research and advocacy work for various non-governmental human rights organisations, including Relatives for Justice and the Kurdish Human Rights Project. Currently, she is a member of the Council of Experts of the Democratic Progress Institute and a member of the advisory board of the Center for Conflict Resolution Studies and Research at Istanbul Bilgi University.
Sylvie Namwase studied her BA in law (2008), at Makerere University, Uganda. She completed her LLM in Human Rights and Democratization in Africa in 2011 at the University of Pretoria, Centre for Human Rights, South Africa. She has recently co-edited the volume Protecting the human rights of sexual minorities in contemporary Africa (Pretoria University Law Press, 2017). Her doctoral project is entitled "The use of force against demonstrators: law enforcement versus crimes against humanity." This project considers the recent spate of civilian uprisings against states, manifesting as public demonstrations, with some bordering on armed conflict and others eventually evolving into it. It explores numerous instances in which some states have retaliated with lethal force, provoking accusations of crimes against humanity from the international community, and the retaliatory arguments that such use of force constituted law enforcement in line with their national laws. The study posits that the current international regimes on right to life, crimes against humanity and certain concepts in international humanitarian law (IHL) which offer the closest universal standard on states’ use of force need to be comprehensively defined and their scopes clarified to adequately address the challenges presented by the interaction between law enforcement and armed conflict contexts, given the changing nature of mass demonstrations and civilian uprisings against the state.
Dr. Sylvie Namwase, who recently passed her viva voce with no corrections on 27th March 2017 has just accepted an offer for a one and half year Post Doctorate at the Centre for Resolution of International Conflicts (CRIC) at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark. Sylvie will be working on the CRIC’s current main project: 'Human Rights and Peace building’, which is funded by the Carlsberg Foundation for the period 2015-2019. She will be working under the expert supervision of CRIC’s Director - Professor Ole Waever and the wider team at CRIC.Farid Mohammed Rashid
Farid studied his BA in law (2004), at Aleppo University, Syria. He completed his LLM in International Law and Criminal Justice in 2010 at the University of East London, UK. His doctoral project was entitled "The Role of the Prosecutor in the International Criminal Court: Discretion, Legitimacy and the Politics of Justice". This project explored the confines of the Prosecutorial discretion of the ICC Prosecutor through critically analysing the criteria of the exercise of the discretionary function, as laid down in the ICC Statute during all stages of initiating investigations and prosecutions. Also, it sheds light on the Prosecutor's power in securing cooperation from international actors to give effect to his or her discretionary decisions. The research was framed within the tension between law and politics through discussing critically the objectivity theory of international law and international principle. It further examined the relationship between international law and international politics in the context of the prosecutorial discretion of international crimes. Dr. Farid Rashid passed his viva in December 2016.
Research Groups and Activities
Past Research Projects
The Centre has engaged in research in several important areas at the intersection of human rights and contemporary conflict. The research projects undertaken by the CHRC include work on the following list below:
- Just peace? Peacebuilding and rule of law in Africa: Lessons for policymakers, Chandra Lekha Sriram, Olga Martin-Ortega and Johanna Herman, CHRC Policy Paper no. 1, January 2009.
- Trading Justice for Security? UN Anti-terrorism, Due Process Rights and the Role of the Judiciary, Carmen Draghici, CHRC Policy Paper no. 2, May 2009.
- Peace as Governance? Critical Challenges to Power Sharing Peace Deals, Chandra Lekha Sriram, CHRC Policy Paper no. 3, June 2009.
- Transitional Justice and Peacebuliding: Considerations for policymakers, Chandra Lekha Sriram, Olga Martin-Ortega and Johanna Herman, Just and Durable Peace by Piece Policy Brief no. 2, July 2009. This brief was funded by the EU 7th Framework Programme.
- A Breakthrough in Justice? Accountability for Post-Election Violence in Kenya, Chandra Lekha Sriram and Stephen Brown, CHRC Policy Paper no. 4, August 2010.
- Reaching for Justice: The participation of victims at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, Johanna Herman, CHRC Policy Paper no. 5, September 2010.
- Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding on the ground: Victims and excombatants, Chandra Lekha Sriram and Jemima Garcia Godos, 2012
- Michael Phillips, "Walking on Water: Religion, Historical Memory and Human Rights in Spain and Australia", presented at Columbia University’s Centre for the Study of Human Rights conference “Local Memory, Global Ethics, Justice: The Politics of Historical Dialogue in Contemporary Society” , December 2012.
- Nicolas Zambrana Tevar, Business and Human Rights: Proposals from the Research Group on Private International Law and Human Rights, Occasional Working Papers Series, Working Paper 3, July 2012.
- Chandra Lekha Sriram, Olga Martin-Ortega and Johanna Herman, Evaluating and Comparing Strategies of Peacebuilding and Transitional Justice, Just and Durable Peace, Working Paper Series, May 2009.
- Olga Martin-Ortega and Johanna Herman, Hybrid Tribunals and the Rule of Law: Notes from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia, Working Paper 7, May 2010.
Publications of CHRC Members
- Sriram, Chandra and Martin-Ortega, Olga and Herman, Johanna (2014) War, Conflict, and Human Rights (2nd Ed). London: Routledge.
- Sriram, Chandra (2008) Peace as Governance: Power-sharing, Armed Groups, and Contemporary Peace Negotiations. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.
- Sriram, Chandra (2005) Globalizing Justice for Mass Atrocities: A Revolution in Accountability. New York: Routledge.
- Sriram, Chandra (2004) Confronting Past Human Rights Violations: Justice vs. Peace in Times of Transition. London: Frank Cass.
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha, ed. (2016) Transitional Justice in the Middle East and North Africa London and New York: Hurst and Oxford University Press.
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha and Garcia-Godos, Jemima, eds. (2012) Transitional justice and peacebuilding on the ground. Routledge.
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha and Martin-Ortega, Olga and Herman, Johanna, eds. (2011) Peacebuilding and rule of law in Africa: Just peace? London: Routledge.
- Sriram, Chandra and King, John C. and Mertus, Julie A. and Martin-Ortega, Olga and Herman, Johanna, eds. (2009) Surviving Field Research: Working in Violent and Difficult Situations. London; New York: Routledge.
- Sriram, Chandra and Pillay, Suren, eds. (2009) Peace versus Justice? the dilemma of transitional justice in Africa. Scottsville, South Africa: University of KwaZulu Natal Press.
- Sriram, Chandra and Biersteker, Tom and Spiro, Peter and Raffo, Veronica, eds. (2006) International Law and International Relations: Bridging Theory and Practice. London: Routledge.
- Sriram, Chandra and Nielsen, Zoe, eds. (2004) Subregional Causes of Conflict: Opportunities for Conflict Prevention Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.
- Sriram, Chandra and Wermester, Karin, eds. (2003) From Promise to Practice: Strengthening UN Capacities for the Prevention of Violent Conflict. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.
- Sriram, Chandra and Roth, Brad, eds. (2002) A Special Symposium in the Finnish Yearbook of International Law on Contemporary Developments in International Criminal Law. The Hague; London; Boston: M. Nijhoff.
- Sriram, Chandra and Adebajo, Adekeye, eds. (2001) Managing Armed Conflicts in the 21st Century. London: Frank Cass.
- “International rule of law? Ethics and impartiality of legal professionals,” in Vesselin Popovski, ed., Ethical Supports for Strengthening the International Rule of Law (Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2014).
- “Sri Lanka: Atrocities, accountability, and the decline of the rule of law,” in Renėe Jeffery and Hunjoon Kim, eds., Transitional Justice in the Asia-Pacific (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).
- “Liberal peacebuilding and transitional justice: What place for socioeconomic concerns?” in Dustin Sharp, ed., Justice and economic violence in transition (New York: Springer, 2013).
- “Victims, excombatants, and communities: Irreconcilable demands or a dangerous convergence?” in Christoph Safferling and Thorsten Bonacker, eds., Victims of International Crimes: An Interdisciplinary Discourse (The Hague: TMC Asser Press, 2013).
- “Tribunals, legacies, and local culture: Lessons from some African experiences with international criminal justice,” in Tribunale. Literarische Darstellung und juridische Aufarbeitung von Kriegsverbrechen im globalen Kontext, Werner Gephart, Jürgen Brokoff, Andrea Schütte and Jan Christoph Suntrup,eds., (Frankfurt/Main: Klostermann, 2013).
- “International vs. domestic norms and actors” and “Zone of Impunity” in Nadya Nedelsky and Lavinia Stan, eds., Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).
- “Transitional justice and peacebuilding in comparative perspective: Lessons for the Middle East,” in Hasan Al-Momani, Ruba Zinati, and Amani Da’na, eds., Advancing justice and reconciliation for long term peacebuilding in the Middle East (Amman: Regional Centre on Conflict Prevention, 2012).
- “Beyond justice versus peace: Transitional justice and peacebuilding strategies,” with Olga Martin-Ortega and Johanna Herman, in Karin Aggestam and Annika Björkdahl, eds., The Study of Just and Durable Peace (London: Routledge, 2012).
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha (2011) 'Post-conflict justice and hybridity in peacebuilding: Resistance or cooptation?' In: Mitchell, Audra and Richmond, Oliver P, (eds.), Hybrid forms of peace: From everyday agency to post-liberalism. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Adamson, Fiona and Sriram, Chandra (2010) 'Perspectives on International Law in International Relations.' In: Cali, Basak, (ed.), International Law for International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 25-45.
- Sriram, Chandra and Mills, Kurt (2010) 'Human Rights.' In: Denemark, Robert, (ed.), The International Studies Encyclopedia. Wiley-Blackwell.
- Sriram, Chandra and Herman, Johanna and Martin-Ortega, Olga (2010) 'War, Conflict, and Human Rights.' In: Denemark, Robert, (ed.), The ISA Compendium Project. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
- Sriram, Chandra and Adamson, Fiona B (2010) 'Perspectives on International Law in International Relations.' In: Cali, Basak, (ed.), International Law for International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Sriram, Chandra (2009) 'Transitional Justice and the Liberal Peace.' In: Newman, Edward and Richmond, Oliver and Paris, Roland, (eds.), New Perspectives on Liberal Peacebuilding. New York: United Nations University Press.
- Sriram, Chandra (2009) 'Resolving Conflicts and Pursuing Accountability: Beyond ‘Justice vs. Peace’.' In: Richmond, Oliver, (ed.), Critical Advances in Peacebuilding. London: Palgrave.
- Sriram, Chandra (2009) 'What can Restorative Justice Contribute? Lessons from beyond the Balkans.' In: Kostovicova, Denisa, (ed.), Evropska unija I tranziciona Pravda: Od retributivne do restorativne pravde na Zapadom Balkanu. Belgrade: Humanitarian Law Centre.
- Sriram, Chandra (2009) '“Sri Lanka” and “Central America”.' In: Forsythe, David, (ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Sriram, Chandra (2009) 'The ICC Africa Experiment: The Central African Republic, Darfur, Northern Uganda, and the DRC.' In: Sriram, Chandra and Pillay, Suren, (eds.), Peace vs. Justice? Truth and Reconciliation Processes and War Crimes Tribunals in Africa. Durban: University of KwaZulu Natal Press.
- Sriram, Chandra (2009) 'Conflict Mediation and the ICC: Challenges and Options for Pursuing Peace with Justice at the Regional Level.' In: Ambos, Kai and Large, Judith and Wierda, Marieke, (eds.), Building a Future on Peace and Justice. Berlin: Springer Verlag.
- Sriram, Chandra and Brown, Stephen (2008) 'China’s Role in Human Rights abuses in Africa: Clarifying Issues of Culpability.' In: Rotberg, Robert, (ed.), China into Africa: trade, aid, and influence. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
- Sriram, Chandra (2008) 'Prevention and the Rule of Law: Rhetoric and Reality.' In: Hurwitz, Agnès and Huang, Reyko, (eds.), Civil War and the Rule of Law: Security, Development, Human Rights. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.
- Sriram, Chandra (2007) 'Justice for Whom? Assessing Hybrid Approaches to Accountability in Sierra Leone.' In: Ndulo, Muna, (ed.), Security, Reconciliation, and Reconstruction: When the Wars End. London: Routledge.
- Sriram, Chandra and Mahmoud, Youssef (2006) 'Bringing Security Back in: IR Theory and Moving Beyond the “Justice vs. Peace” Debate in International and Transitional Justice.' In: Sriram, Chandra and Biersteker, Thomas J. and Spiro, Peter J. and Raffo, Veronica I., (eds.), International Law and International Relations: Bridging Theory and Practice. Routledge.
- "Fighting for justice (and survival): Kenyan civil society accountability strategies and their enemies" with Thomas Obel-Hansen, International Journal of Transitional Justice (November 2015).
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha, (2013) 'Spoilers of justice', Nordic Journal of Human Rights,2, pp. 248-262.
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha, (2013), 'Making rights real? Minority and gender provisions and power-sharing arrangements', International Journal of Human Rights, 17 (2), pp. 275-288.
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha and Brown, Stephen (2012) 'Kenya in the shadow of the ICC: Complementarity, gravity, and impact.' International Criminal Law Review, 12 (2). pp. 219-244.
- Brown, Stephen and Sriram, Chandra Lekha (2012) 'The big fish won't fry themselves: Criminal accountability for post-election violence in Kenya.' African Affairs, 111 (443). pp. 1-17.
- Ross, Amy and Sriram, Chandra Lekha (2012) 'Closing impunity gaps: Regional transitional justice processes?' Transitional Justice Review, 1 (1). pp. 3-30.
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha and Vandeginste, Stef (2011) 'Power-sharing and transitional justice: A clash of paradigms?' Global Governance, 17 (4). pp. 489-505.
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha and Martin-Ortega, Olga and Herman, Johanna (2011) 'Justice delayed? Internationalized criminal tribunals and peacebuilding in Lebanon, Bosnia and Cambodia.' Conflict, Security and Development, 11 (3). pp. 335-356.
- Sriram, Chandra and Zahar, Marie-Jöelle (2009) 'The Perils of Power-Sharing: Africa and Beyond.' Africa Spectrum, 44 (3). pp. 11-39.
- Sriram, Chandra and Herman, Johanna (2009) 'DDR and Transitional Justice: Bridging the Divide?' Conflict, Security and Development, 9 (4). pp. 455-474.
- Sriram, Chandra (2007) 'Justice as Peace? Liberal Peacebuilding and Strategies of Transitional Justice.' Global Society: Journal of Interdisciplinary International Relations, 21 (4). pp. 579-591.
- Sriram, Chandra and Ross, Amy (2007) 'Geographies of crime and justice: Contemporary Transitional Justice and the Creation of ‘Zones of Impunity'.' International Journal of Transitional Justice, 1 (1). pp. 45-65.
- Sriram, Chandra (2006) 'Sri Lanka after the Tsunami: Opportunities Lost?' Law and Society Trust Review, 17 (230). pp. 1-22.
- Sriram, Chandra (2006) 'International Law, International Relations Theory, and Post-Atrocity Justice: Towards a Genuine Dialogue.' International Affairs, 82 (3). pp. 467-478.
- Sriram, Chandra (2006) 'Human Rights Claims vs. The State: Is Sovereignty Really Eroding?' Interdisciplinary Journal of Human Rights Law, 1 (1). pp. 107-120.
- Sriram, Chandra (2006) 'Wrong-sizing International Justice? The Hybrid Tribunal in Sierra Leone.' Fordham International Law Journal, 29 (3). pp. 472-506.
- Sriram, Chandra (2004) 'Globalizing justice: From Universal Jurisdiction to Mixed Tribunals.' Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, 22 (1).
- Sriram, Chandra (2004) 'Revolutions in Accountability: New Approaches to Past Abuses.' American University International Law Review, 19 (2).
- Sriram, Chandra (2002) 'Dilemmas of Accountability: Politics, the Military and Commissions of Inquiry in an Ongoing Civil War: The Case of Sri Lanka.' Civil Wars, 5 (2). pp. 96-121.
- Sriram, Chandra (2002) 'Exercising Universal Jurisdiction: Contemporary Disparate Practice.' International Journal of Human Rights, 6 (4). pp. 49-76.
- Sriram, Chandra (2001) 'Externalizing Justice through Universal Jurisdiction—Problems and Prospects.' Finnish Yearbook of International Law, 12 . pp. 53-77.
- Sriram, Chandra and Roth, Brad (2001) 'Externalization of Justice: What Does it Mean and What is at Stake?' Finnish Yearbook of International Law, 12 . pp. 2-6.
- Sriram, Chandra (2000) 'Truth Commissions and Political Theory: Tough Moral Choices in Transitional Situations.' Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, 18 (4). pp. 471-492.
- Sriram, Chandra (2000) 'Truth Commissions and the Quest for Justice: Stability and Accountability After Internal Strife.' International Peacekeeping, 7 (4). pp. 91-106.
- Sriram, Chandra (2010) 'Review of 'The Gender of Reparations'.' European Journal of International Law, 21 (2). pp. 490-492.
- Sriram, Chandra (2008) 'Review of 'Judges, Transition, and Human Rights' by John Morison, Kieran McEvoy, and Gordon Anthony.' Leiden Journal of International Law, 21 (4). pp. 1005-1009.
- Sriram, Chandra (2005) 'Transitional Justice Comes of Age: Enduring Lessons and Challenges.' Berkeley Journal of International Law, 23 (2). pp. 101-118.
- Mihr, Anja and Sriram, Chandra Lekha (2015) 'Rule of law, security and transitional justice in fragile and conflict-affected societies', Commission on Global Security, Justice and Governance.
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha (2012) 'ICJ and Habre: A possible end to a long road to accountability.' The Jurist .
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha (2012) 'The Special Tribunal for Lebanon.' In: Reconciliation, Reform and Resilience: Positive Peace for Lebanon. Accord, 24 . London: Conciliation Resources.
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha (2010) 'Comment: Justice vs peace or restorative vs retributive justice: The cases of Kenya and Sudan.' Peace Forum for Peacebuilding Ethics .
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha (2010) 'ICC Hypocrisy over war crimes.' The Guardian Comment is Free .
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha (2010) 'The ICC review conference: The forgotten issues.' The Jurist .
- Sriram, Chandra Lekha (2010) 'State aggression is finally a crime: But How is it Punished?' The Guardian Comment is Free.
- Mills, Kurt and Sriram, Chandra Lekha, eds. (2010) 'Human Rights (Section Entries for International Studies Association compendium).' In: International Studies Association Compendium. Wiley-Blackwell.
- Sriram, Chandra (2009) 'Looking Forward, Backward, or Just Away?' Human Rights and Human Welfare Roundtable.
- Sriram, Chandra (2009) 'The Prosecutor of the ICC: Too Political, Not Political Enough, or Both?' Human Rights and Human Welfare Roundtable.
- Sriram, Chandra (2009) 'A Curse not Limited to Cambodia.' Human Rights and Human Welfare Roundtable .
- Sriram, Chandra and Brown, Stephen and Zahar, Marie-Joelle (2008) 'For Zimbabwe, Talking Is No Cure.' The Guardian .
- Sriram, Chandra and Zahar, Marie-Joelle (2007) 'A Dangerous Step.' The Guardian.
- Sriram, Chandra (2007) 'China, Human Rights and the Sudan.' JURIST-Legal News and Research.
- Sriram, Chandra and Ross, Amy (2006) 'Catch-22 in Uganda: The LRA, the ICC, and the Peace Process.' JURIST: Legal News & Research.
- Sriram, Chandra (2006) 'Trying Habre in Senegal: An African Solution to an African Problem?' JURIST: Legal News and Research.
- Sriram, Chandra (2006) 'Bad Politics, Worse Law: Re-writing the UK Human Rights Act.' JURIST: Legal News and Research.
- Sriram, Chandra (2006) 'Trying Charles Taylor: Justice Here, There, Anywhere?' JURIST: Legal News and Research.
- Sriram, Chandra (2006) 'The UN Human Rights Council: Another Missed Opportunity.' JURIST: Legal News and Research.
- Sriram, Chandra (2005) 'Exporting Torture: US Rendition and European Outrage.' JURIST: Legal News and Research.
- Partitioning Palestine: Legal Fundamentalism in the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict (London and New York: Pluto Press, 2010).ISBN 978 0 7453 2323 7
- (ed.) Law after Ground Zero (London, Sydney, Portland Or: GlassHouse Press/Routledge-Cavendish, 2002, reprinted with amendments, 2004) ISBN 978 1 904 385 028.
- (ed.) with Barry Collins, Iraq and Human Rights, International Journal of Contemporary Iraqi Studies, Vol. 5, No 3 (2011).ISSN17512867
- (ed.) with Roshan de Silva Wijeyeratne, Tracking the Postcolonial in Law, Griffith Law Review, Vol. 12, No. 3 (2003) ISSN 1038-3441.
- State-Sponsored Riot: Tales of Revolt and Crime in Egypt 2011, in Daniel Briggs (ed.) The English Riots of 2011:The Summer of Discontent (Hook: Waterside Press, 2012), 329-345.
- (with Barry Collins) Iraq and Human Rights, International Journal of Contemporary Iraqi Studies, Vol. 5, No. 3 (2011), pp. 311-318.
- Provoking International Law: War and Regime Change in Iraq, in Sundhya Pahuja, Fleur Johns, and Richard Joyce (eds.) Events - The Force of International Law (Routledge-Cavendish, 2011), pp. 246-259.
- Britain’s Democratic Vision for Iraq: Strategy or Contingency? International Journal of Contemporary Iraqi Studies Vol. 2, No 3 (2008), pp. 351-374.
- Islam and the Politics of Terrorism: Aspects of the British Experience, in Miriam Gani and Penelope Mathew (eds.) Fresh Perspectives on the War on Terror (Canberra: ANU E Press, 2008), pp. 9-26.
- British (and International) Legal Foundations for the Israeli Wall: International Law and Multi-colonialism, Palestine Yearbook of International Law, vol. 13 (2007), pp. 1-26.
- Conjuring Palestine: The Jurisdiction of Dispossession in Shaun McVeigh (ed.) Jurisprudence of Jurisdiction (Abingdon and New York: Routledge-Cavendish, 2007), pp. 84-101
- On the Trail of the Palestinian State, in Jacqueline S Ismael and William W Haddad and Jacqueline Ismael (eds.) Barriers to Reconciliation: Case Studies from Iraq and the Palestine-Israeli Conflict (Lanham, Boulder, New York, Toronto, Oxford: University Press of America 2007), pp. 195-227.
- Zionism and Apartheid: the analogy in the politics of international law, Engage Journal No 2, (May 2006)
- Two Peoples, One State? review essay, Virginia Tilley, The One State Solution: A Breakthrough for the Israeli-Palestinian Deadlock, Democratiya, Issue, 4, March-May 2006, pp. 34-48.
- The International Community’s legal responses to Apartheid South Africa and the Israeli Occupation of the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem, Avocats sans Frontieres, December 2005
- Revisiting Islamic Law: Marginal Notes from Colonial History, Griffith Law Review Vol. 12, No.2 (2003), pp/ 362-383.
- (with Roshan de Silva Wijeyeratne) Tracks and Traces of the Law, Griffith Law Review, Vol.12, No.2 (2003), pp. 157-165.
- Holy War: in the Media: Images of Jihad, in Steven Chermak, Frankie Y. Bailey and Michelle Brown (eds.) Media Representations of September 11 (Westport CT. and London:: Praeger, 2003), pp.17-28.
- Islamic Law and the English Press in John Strawson (ed.) Law after Ground Zero (London, Sydney, Portland Or: Glasshouse Press, 2002), pp. 205-214.
- (with Kim van der Borght) Cuba and the Axis of Evil: An Old Outlaw in the New Order in John Strawson (ed.) Law after Ground Zero (London, Sydney, Portland Or: Glasshouse Press, 2002), pp. 59-70.
- In the Name of the Law, in John Strawson (ed.) Law after Ground Zero (London, Sydney, and Portland Or: GlassHouse Press, 2002), pp. xi-xxii.
- Reflections on Edward Said and the Legal Narratives of Palestine: Israeli Settlements and Palestinian Self-Determination, Penn State International Law Review, Vol. 20, No 2 (2002), pp. 363-384.
- “Mandate Ways: Self-Determination in Palestine and the ‘Existing Non-Jewish Communities,’” in Sanford R. Silverburg (Ed.) Palestine and International Law: Essays on Politics and Economics (Jefferson N.C and London: McFarland, 2002), pp. 251-270.
- “Orientalism and Legal Education in the Middle East: Reading Frederic Goadby’s Introduction to the Study of Law,” Legal Studies Vol. 21 No. 4 (2001), pp. 664-678.
- “Britain’s Shadows: Post-colonialism and Palestine” in Tareq Y. Ismael (Ed.) The International Relations of the Middle East in the 21st Century (Aldershot and Burlington: Ashgate, 2000), pp. 203-225.
- “Islamic Law and English Texts” in Eve Darian-Smith and Peter Fitzpatrick (Eds.), Laws of the Postcolonial (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999), pp. 109-126.
- “Legal Story Telling After Diana and Dodi: The Disappeared of the Postcolonial” in Mehmet Tahiroglu, Tareq Y. Ismael and Jacqueline S. Ismael (Eds.) Globalization in World Affairs: Socio-Economic and Political Dimensions (Gazimagusa: Eastern Mediterranean University Press, 1999), pp. 311-328.
- “Palestine’s Basic Law: Constituting New Identities Through Liberating Legal Culture,” Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Journal, Vol. 20, No.3 (1998), pp. 411-432.
- “Netanyahu’s Oslo: Peace in the Slow Lane,” Soundings, Issue 8 (1998) pp. 49-60.
- “A Western Question to the Middle East: Is There a Human Rights Discourse in Islam?”” Arab Studies Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 1 (1997), pp. 31-58.
- “Encountering Islamic Law,” School of Law Research Publications: University of East London, New Series No. 1 (1996) [41 pages] simultaneously published electronically by UEL, and subsequently by the International Islamic University at http://www.iiu.edu.my/deed/lawbase/jsrps.html (2000).
- “Islamic Law and English Texts,” Law and Critique Vol. V, No. 1 (1995), pp. 21-38.
- The Kuwait Crisis: Self-Determination, Self-Defence and the New Global Order, University of East London: School of Law Research Papers, No 4 (1992), pp. 1-17.
Book Reviews and Shorter Articles
- Two-States After Gaza: Time to Compel the Parties? Democratiya, Vol. 16 (Spring-Summer 2009).
- Palestine: the pursuit of justice (interview with Rosemary Bechler) openDemocracy, January 28, 2008.
- Book Review: Gina Clayton, Textbook on Immigration and Asylum Law, Times Higher Educational Supplement, February 10 2006.
- Book Review: C.G. Weeramantry, Universalising International Law, Melbourne Journal of International Law, Vol.5, No. 2 (2004), pp. 513-518.
- Book Review: Robert Winder, Bloody Foreigners: The Story of Immigration to Britain, Times Higher Education Supplement, December 24/31, 2004.
- Book Review: Sami Zubaida, Law and Power in the Islamic World, Modern Law Review, Vol. 67, N0.5 (2004), pp. 879-881.
- Book Review: Dallal Stevens, UK Asylum Law and Policy: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives, Times Higher Education Supplement, May 28 2004.
- The Israeli Wall, Palestine and the International Court of Justice, Student Law Review, Vol. 42 (2004), pp. 48-50.
- Guantananamo Bay Prisoners: The Third Geneva Convention and the “War on Terror.” Student Law Review. Vol. 41 (2004), pp. 44-45.
- Book Review: Frederic M. Goadby and Moses Doukhan, The Land Law of Palestine, Palestine Yearbook of International Law Vol.11 (2003), pp. 399-401.
- Occupying Iraq – Regime Change and International Law, Student Law Review, Vol. 40 (2003), pp. 44-45.
- Book Review: Javaid Rehman, International Human Rights: A Practical Approach; Rhona K. Smith, Textbook on International Human Rights, Times Higher Educational Supplement, May 30 2003.
- For a World at War – An International Criminal Court, Student Law Review, Vol. 39 (2003), pp.44-45.
- In the Name of the Law? Socialist Lawyer, Vol. 35 (Spring 2003), pp. 14-15.
- The United Nations and the use of force: unilateralism and the international rule of law, Student Law Review, Vol. 38 (2003), pp. 50-51.
- Book Review: Basia Spalek (ed.) Islam, Crime and Criminal Justice, British Society of Criminology Newsletter, No. 48, March 2003, p.17.
- Iraq: A Threat to International Peace and Security? Student Law Review, Vol. 37 (2002) pp. 49-50.
- The Middle East Crisis: International law and the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict, Student Law Review, Vol. 36 (2002), pp. 50-52.
- Terrorism: Has Law Had a Good War? Student Law Review, Vol. 35 (2002), pp. 50-51.
- Book Review: Lawrence Rosen, The Justice of Islam, Journal of Law and Society Vol.28, No.4 (2001), pp. 628-632.
- International Law at Ground Zero, Student Law Review, Vol. 34 (2001), 52.
- Book Review: Keith Ansell Pearson, Benita Parry and Judith Squires, Cultural Readings of Imperialism: Edward Said and the Gravity of History, Socialist History Journal, Issue 14 (1999), pp. 68-70.
- Book Review: Paul J.I. M. de Waart, Dynamics of Self-Determination in Palestine, Islamic Law and Society Vol. 2, No 3 (1995), pp. 362-363.
- Co-edited with Chandra Sriram, Jemima García-Godos and Olga Martin-Ortega, Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding on the Ground. Victims and ex-combatants (Oxon: Routledge, 2012).
- With Chandra Lekha Sriram and Olga Martin-Ortega (eds.) Peacebuilding and the Rule of Law in Africa: Just Peace? (Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2011).
- With Chandra Lekha Sriram and Olga Martin-Ortega, War, Conflict and Human Rights: Theory and Practice (Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2009).
- With Chandra Lekha Sriram and Olga Martin-Ortega (eds). Surviving Field Research: Working in Violent and Difficult Situations (Abingdon and New York: Routledge 2009).
- “DDR, victims and transitional justice in Cambodia” in Chandra Lekha Sriram, Jemima Garcia-Godos and Olga Martin-Ortega (eds.) Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding on the Ground (Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2013).
- “A Necessary Compromise or compromised justice? The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia” in Henry F. Carey and Stacey Gibson Mitchell (eds) Trials and Tribulations of International Prosecution (Lanham: Lexington Books, 2012).
- With Chandra Lekha Sriram and Olga Martin-Ortega, “Beyond justice versus peace: transitional justice and peacebuilding strategies” in Karin Aggestam and Annika Björkdahl(eds). Rethinking Peacebuilding. The Quest for Just Peace in the Middle East and the Western Balkans. (Abingdon and New York: Routledge. 2012).
- With Olga Martin-Ortega, “Hybrid Tribunals: interaction and resistance in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia” in Oliver Richmond and Audra Mitchell (eds), Hybrid Forms of Peace: From the ‘Everyday’ to Post-liberalism (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2011).
- With Olga Martin-Ortega, “Narrowing Gaps in Justice: Exploring Rule of Law Programming in Liberia” in Chandra Lekha Sriram, Olga Martin-Ortega and Johanna Herman, (eds.)., Peacebuilding and rule of law in Africa: Just Peace? (Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2011).
- With Olga Martin-Ortega, “The impact of hybrid tribunals: Current practice in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Cambodia”, in Michael Reed and Amanda Lyons (eds.), Contested Transitions: Dilemmas of Transitional Justice in Colombia and Comparative Experience (Bogota: International Center for Transitional Justice, 2010).
- With Olga Martin-Ortega, “There and Back: Surviving Fieldwork Research in Difficult and Violent Situations”, in Chandra Lekha Sriram C.L., King J., Mertus J. A., Martin-Ortega, O. and Herman J., Surviving Field Research: Working in Difficult and Violent Situations (Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2009).
- Realities of victim participation: The civil party system in practice at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), Contemporary Justice Review, Vol. 16, Iss. 4, (November 2013).
- With Chandra Lekha Sriram and Olga Martin-Ortega, "Justice Delayed? Internationalised Tribunals and Peace-Building in Lebanon, Bosnia and Cambodia", Conflict, Security and Development, vol. 19 (3), pp. 335-356.
- With Chandra Lekha Sriram, "DDR and Transitional Justice: bridging the divide", Conflict, Security & Development, Vol. 9. No. 4 (2009), pp. 455-474.
- "Managing Diversity: Culture", Conflict Prevention Handbook Series, No. 5, Initiative on Quiet Diplomacy, forthcoming 2016.
- "Quick Guide to Managing Diversity: Culture", forthcoming 2016.
- “Moving towards a Right to Land: The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights’ Treatment of Land Rights as Human Rights” (with Jeremie Gilbert et al), Minority Rights Group International and Centre on Human Rights in Conflict, University of East London, 2015.
- "Land and Conflict Prevention" (co-author with John Bruce), Conflict Prevention Handbook Series, No. 6, Initiative on Quiet Diplomacy, 2011.
- "Quick Guide to Land and Conflict Prevention", 2011.
- "Impact of the Public Expression of Identity on Social Cohesion" (co-author with John Packer), in C. McCartney (ed.) Background Papers: Responding to Social Cohesion Challenges, Club of Madrid Shared Societies Project, 2008.
- “The Role of Soft Law in Minority Rights Protection and Diversity Management: Reflections from Practice” (with Zdenka Machnyikova and John Packer), in: Thomas Gammeltoft-Hansen and Stephanie Lagoutte (eds.), The roles of Soft Law in International Human Rights Law, Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2016.
- The Role of Human Rights in Diversity Management and Conflict Prevention”, in: Corinne Lennox (ed.), Contemporary Challenges in Securing Human Rights, London: Human Rights Consortium/Institute of Commonwealth Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London, 2015, pp. 59-66
- “Overview of Minority-related Activities in the UN system in 2013” (with Rajiv Jebodh and Jeremie Gilbert), in: European Yearbook of Minority Issues Volume 12, 2013/2014 Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill, 2015
- "Culture for Shared Societies" (co-author with Zdenka Machnyikova), in: Mari Fitzduff (ed.), Public Policies in Shared Societies: A Comparative Approach, Palgrave, 2013, pp. 167-214.
- "Land and Conflict in Shared Societies" (with John Bruce), in: Mari Fitzduff (ed.), in: Mari Fitzduff (ed.), Public Policies in Shared Societies: A Comparative Approach, Palgrave, 2013, pp. 215-240.
- "OSCE Developments and Linguistic Minorities" (with John Packer), in: Matthias Koenig & Paul de Guchteneire (eds.), Democracy and Human Rights in Multicultural Societies, Ashgate/UNESCO, 2007, pp. 107-132.
- "Family, Private Life and Cultural Rights", in: Marc Weller and Alcidia Moucheboeuf (eds.), Universal Minority Rights: A Commentary on the Jurisprudence of International Courts and Treaty Bodies, European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) & Centre of International Studies, Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 203-252.
- "Commentary on Article 9", (with John Packer), in: ECMI (ed.), Advancing the Efficiency of the Global Structures of Minority Rights Protection on the Basis of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 256-291.
- "The Activities of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities, June 2003–May 2004", in: ECMI & European Academy Bolzano (eds.), European Yearbook of Minority Issues, Volume 3, 2003/4, Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill, 2004, pp. 429–456.
- "The Activities of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities, January 2001–May 2002", in: European Yearbook of Minority Issues, Volume 1, 2001/2, London: Kluwer Law International, 2003, pp. 563-589.
- “Monitoring Change in Diverse Societies: Some Reflections”, in: Shared Space 18, Belfast, Community Relations Council, 2014, pp.113-120.
- "The Lund Recommendations in the Activities of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities", in: Krzysztof Drzewicki (ed.), International Journal of Minority and Group Rights, Vol. 12, No. 2-3, 2005, pp. 169-188.
- "Proceedings of the Conference on the Use of Minority Languages in the Broadcast Media, Baden bei Wein, 24-25 October 2003", (contributor and guest editor with John Packer), Special Issue of Mercator Media Forum, University of Wales Press, 2004.
- "The Use of Minority Languages in the Broadcast Media: Introducing New Guidelines", (co-author with John Packer), in: Helsinki Monitor, 2004, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 103-126.
- "Romani Women - A Priority for European Public Health Policy" (co-author with Anna Pomykala), in: Open Society Institute EU Accession Monitoring Program, Feature on Roma Access to Public Health, September 2002.
External Activities and Impact
CHRC members undertake a wide range of consultancies for international organisations and NGOs. They also lead trainings and workshops on a number of topics related to the work of the centre.
On 3-4 September 2015, Chandra Lekha Sriram acted as a trainer at the Nuremberg Principles Academy in Germany as part of their programme on “Acceptance of international criminal justice.” Working with a group of early-career scholars and practitioners from conflict-affected countries, she elaborated on the challenges of pursuing peace and justice, focusing on legal, political and technical challenges.
Europeaid funded project: YOUTHTOPIA!
Mertkan Hamit, a PhD student at the CHRC, is leading this project to be delivered through the Famagusta Youth Center (MAGEM) in northern Cyprus in cooperation with partners in the south, Youth Power. The aim is to raise awareness and empower young people to get involved in the reconciliation process and address the human rights concerns of vulnerable youth at local and municipal levels and ultimately across the Island. As part of the project, CHRC will deliver a series of workshops on human rights and conflict resolution (CR) for vulnerable youth from the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities. Workshop participants will subsequently have the opportunity to apply for small grants to fund their own CR and human rights-related projects. CHRC will also provide capacity-building training for MAGEM and Youth Power.
Sally Holt and Jeremie Gilbert have been commissioned by MRG to prepare an e-learning course for the UN Staff System College on “Participation and Inclusion of Minorities in UN and National Programming”.
European Commission External Action Service
In July 2013 Sally Holt participated in an Expert Mission to the Russian Federation under the Visa Dialogue process to assess compliance with relevant international standards and recommendations in the areas of anti-discrimination, protection of minorities, and combat against hate crimes. The consolidated report and recommendations are available here.
UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
Sally Holt has authored an e-learning module on “Addressing Disputes and Conflicts over the Tenure of Natural Resources” in support of the implementation of UN FAO Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure.
UN Office of the Special Adviser to the Secretary General Yemen (OSASG)
In May 2013 Sally Holt prepared a background paper on “Restitution of Land and Property” to inform the National Dialogue Process in Yemen.
Initiative on Quiet Diplomacy, Human Rights Internet
Sally Holt developed a ‘Quick Guide’ version of a handbook on “Land and Conflict Prevention” co-authored with John Bruce.
Please direct any queries to the Director of the Centre on Human Rights in Conflict
Chandra Lekha Sriram
Professor of International Law and International Relations
Director, Centre on Human Rights in Conflict
University of East London
London E15 1NF
+44 20 8223 2189