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Guidelines and Downloads on Mental Health & Social Care of Refugees & Asylum Seekers

This page provides access to valuable international, governmental and non-profit organisational agencies’ and charities’ guidelines on many challenges faced by refugees, asylum seekers and migrant communities including education, healthcare, social welfare, legal and human right matters, whilst settling in the UK and Worldwide.  These guides aim to assist and inform refugees and asylum seekers and health and social care practitioners and agencies working with them to understand and seek their rights and entitlements.

These resources are grouped into seven categories including Children, Education, Health & Wellbeing, Mental Health, Social Welfare, Legal & Human Rights and Working with Interpreters, to facilitate ease of access.

This catalogue of guides and resources has been produced by Dr Farkhondeh Farsimadan a chartered counselling psychologist who is an Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society and an HCPC registered psychologist.

Please use the categories and links provided below to view the resources.

  • Child refugees in Europe.  Guidelines on the psychosocial context, assessment of and interventions for traumatised children and adolescents.  Brand-Wilhelmy et al (2002). The Therapy Centre for Torture Victims, Caritas Cologne Refugee Counselling Association and European Council on Refugees & Exiles, ECRE.  (
  • Mental health of Somali adolescent refugees: The role of trauma, stress, and perceived discrimination. Ellis, B.H., MacDonald, H.Z., Lincoln, A.K., & Cabral, H.J. (2008). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76,2,184-93.
  • The importance of promoting mental health in children and young people from black and minority ethnic communities.  Lavis, P. (2014).  Better Health Brief Paper, 33.  Race Equality Foundation.
  • The right location? Experiences of refugee adolescents seen by school-based mental health services. Fazel, M., Garcia, J., & Stein, A. (2016).  Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 21, 3, 6. 
  • Preparing minority children for starting primary school: integrating health and education.  Chowbey, P., Garrick, R., & Harrop, D. (2015).  Better Health Briefing Paper 35.  Race Equality Foundation.

  • Community Engagement: improving health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities NG44, Nice Guideline (2016).  National Institute of Clinical Excellence, NICE.
  • Effective methods of engaging black and minority ethnic communities within health care settings.  Latif, S. (2010).  Better Health Briefing Paper 18.  Race Equality Foundation.
  • Improving health and social care support for carers from black and minority ethnic communities.  Gregory, C. (2010).  Better Health Briefing Paper, 20.  Race Equality Foundation.
  • Internalised stigma as a barrier to access to health and social care services by minority ethnic groups in the UK.  Owuor, J., & Nake, N. (2015).  Better Health Briefing Paper 36.  Race Equality Foundation.
  • Two sides of the same coin: factors that support and challenge the wellbeing of refugees resettled in a small urban centre. El-Bialy, R., & Mulay, S. (2015).  Health & Place, 35, 52 – 59.
  • Understanding the experiences of asylum seekers. Liebling, L., Burke, S. Goodman, S. &, Zasada, D. (2014). International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, 10,4,207-219.
  • Update: the health and social care experiences of black and minority ethnic older people.  Moriarty, J. (2012).  Better Health Briefing Paper, 9.  Race Equality Foundation.


  • A good practice in mental health care for socially marginalised groups in Europe: a qualitative study of expert views in 14 countries. Priebe, S., Matanov, A., Schor, R., Strabmayr, C., Barros, H., Barry, M.M., Diaz-olalla, J.M., Gabor, E., Greacen, T., Holcnerova, P., Kluge, U., Lorant, V., Moskalewicz, J., Schene, A.H., Macassa, G., & Gaddini, A. (2012). BMC Public Health, 12, 248.
  • Culture, context and the mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of Syrians: a review for mental health and psychosocial support staff working with Syrians affected by armed conflict. United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees, UNHCR, (2015).
  • Experiences with treating immigrants: a qualitative study in mental health services across 16 European countries. Sandhu, S., Bjerre, N.V., Dauvrin, M., Dias, S., Gaddini, A., Greacen, T., Ioannidis, E., Kluge, U., Jensen, N.K., Lamkaddem, M., Puigpinosi Riera, R., Kosa, Z., Wihlman, U., Stankunas, M., Strabmayr, C., Wahlbeck, K., Welbel, M. & Priebe, S. (2013).   Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology.  Dol: 10.1007/s00127-012-0528-3
  • Factors associated with mental disorders in long settled war refugees: refugees from the former Yugoslavia in Germany, Italy and the UK. Bogic, M., Ajdukovic, D., Bremner, S., Franciskovic, T., Galeazzi, G.M., Kucukalic, A., Lecic-Tosevski, D., Morina, N., Popovski, M., Schutzwohl, M., Wang, D., & Priebe, S. (2012).   The British Journal of Psychiatry, 200, 216 – 223.
  • Mental Health and Psychosocial Support for Refugees, Asylum-seekers and Migrants on the Move in Europe: a multi-agency guidance note. UNHCR, IOM,, (2015).
  • Mental health interventions for traumatised asylum seekers: what do we know about their efficacy? Slobodin, O., & De Jong, J. (2015).   International Journal of social psychiatry, 61, 1, 17 – 26.
  • Psychosocial predictors of treatment outcome for trauma-affected refugees. Sonne, C., Carlsson, J., Bech, P., Vindbjerg, E., Mortensen, E., & Elklit, A. (2016).  European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 7:1, 30907. DOI: 10.3402/ejpt.v7.30907.
  • Understanding how asylum seekers and refugees access and experience mental health support in Leeds.  Karpuk, D. et al (2012).  NHS Leeds, Positive Action for Refugees & Asylum Seekers, PAFRAS, and Touchstone.
  • Working with Refugees and Asylum Seekers: Practitioners’ perspectives on the use of clinical supervision in their therapeutic engagement with asylum seekers and refugee clients. Apostolidou, Z. & Schweitzer, R. (2017).  British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 45, 1, 72-82.

  • The housing conditions of minority ethnic households in England.  Garrett, H., Piddington, J., & Nicol, S. (2014).  Better Housing Briefing Paper, 24.  Race Equality Foundation.

  • In your own words: better practice in commissioning interpreting and translation services in health and social care.  Islam-Barrett, F. (2012).  Race Equality Foundation.
  • Language support: challenges and benefits for users and providers of health and social care services.  Costa, B. (2013).  Better Health Briefing Paper, 26.  Race Equality Foundation.
  • Working with Interpreters. Tribe, R. & Tunariu, A.D. (2017).   In Feltham, C., Hanley, T. & L.A. Winter (eds) Handbook of Counselling and Psychotherapy (pp.536-541). Sage: London