The Group will also take this opportunity to have its first meeting as a group. The Interest Group is chaired by Marta Requejo, Olga Martin-Ortega and Freya Beatens. We welcome all the members of the Group and all of those attending the ESIL Biannual Conference in Valencia to come and be part of this exciting initiative. For all of you who are not still members of the Group and will be interested in joining us, please do not hesitate to contact Marta Requejo (email@example.com).
Although there have been a number of large-scale quantitative surveys undertaken amongst civil parties, this research focuses on a smaller number of participants and employs a qualitative methodology. This is in order to consider more closely the motivations and concerns of civil parties themselves. Ms. Herman visited Cambodia in October and December 2011 and carried out interviews with representatives of the ECCC, lawyers and NGO staff. The main focus of the research was on 24 interviews with civil parties and complainants from 5 different provinces: Battambang, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Kampot and Pursat.
Together with the project's research assistant Ian Patel, Ms. Herman carried out thematic analysis of this data. The data was coded before being arranged into specific themes and sub-themes relating variously to civil parties' reactive attitudes to participation, their opinions about the court's work, and technical understanding of its proceedings. This data analysis was conducted non-prescriptively - that is to say, no pre-defined set of constructs was imposed on the data. Rather, the narratives of civil parties themselves were interpreted at their word. The emphases that civil parties themselves gave to certain experiences and expectations regarding the ECCC were actively reproduced by this project's research. In this way, the research remains faithful to the aim of providing insight into the personal experiences of civil parties.
The overarching themes are: Meaningful Justice; Collective vs Individual Reparations; Values of being a Civil Party; Emotional consequences of application and participation; Challenges from limited time and resources; and Understanding and perception of civil parties regarding the trial and participation.
Ms. Herman presented the initial findings of the project at the 14th International Symposium World Society of Victimology in The Hague on Monday 21 May. A policy paper with recommendations from the project will be published later this year and Ms. Herman will give a seminar as part of the Centre's seminar series in December 2012.
For further information or to be kept updated on the project outputs please email Johanna Herman.
There is no doubt the Arab spring has transformed the Middle East. This special issue of our journal on Iraq and Human Rights reads like a hinge between two phases of history. Part of this hinge connects modern Iraq to its antecedents rooted in the British Mandate, the Cold War (the Baghdad Pact and the 1958 Revolution) and authoritarian regimes. The other part of the hinge points to the democratic future that the Arab spring promises. However, in order for this promise to be fulfilled Iraq will need to extricate itself from the sickly oil that the United States and Britain have poured over the hinge through the disastrous years of the sanctions regime from 1991 and the calamity of war and occupation in 2003.
The contents of the issue include:
Bill Bowring, "Minority rights in post-war Iraq: An impending catastrophe"
Eric Herring, "Variegated neo-liberalism, human development and resistance: Iraq in a global context"
Susan C Breau and Rachel Joyce, "Identifying and recording every casualty of armed conflict"
David Keane and Joshua Castellino, "Transcending sectarianism through minority rights in Iraq"
Barry Collins, "Human rights imperialism: Extra-territorial jurisdiction and the Al Skeini case"
The International Journal of Contemporary Iraqi Studies is published by Intellect in print and and can also be accessed electronically here.
Dr. Martin-Ortega is currently Honorary Research Fellow at the Centre for Rural Childhood at Perth College, University of The Highlands, Scotland. Dr. Martin-Ortega and Professor Rebecca M.M. Wallace, the Director of the Centre, have worked together for years on the field of international law and human rights. They have co-authored academic works and continue to share research interests in the framework of the institutional collaboration between the two research centres. Find out more information >
For more information on the Conference click here.
The seminar will take place on Wednesday 25th January, 3.30-5pm at Room 110, Duncan House, University of East London, Stratford Hight Street, E15 2JB.
This article draws on our recent fieldwork in Lebanon, Bosnia and Cambodia. We examine three internationalised criminal tribunals developed some 15 years after the termination of conflict in countries that experienced three very different types of conflict, conflict resolution and peacebuilding or reconstruction in these three countries. We find that despite claims made by advocates for such institutions, such tribunals may only have limited impact on longer term peace-building and that the effects of flawed peace-building activities affect the operating environment of the tribunals.
The article is accessible online: Chandra L. Sriram, Olga Martin-Ortega and Johanna Herman "Justice Delayed? Internationalised Tribunals and Peace-Building in Lebanon, Bosnia and Cambodia", Conflict, Security and Development, vol. 19 (3), pp. 335-356.
The book is available in English and Spanish to download.
For more information, please go to the conference page.
Dr. Olga Martin-Ortega will work closely with the other partners of the project which include colleagues from University of Sevilla, Antwerp University, European Inter–University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation (EIUC); Universidad Catolica Pontificia de Peru, University of Toronto, Maastricht University and Universidad of Girona (Spain).
Partitioning Palestine focuses on three key moments in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict: the League of Nations Mandate, the United Nations partition plan and the Oslo agreements. None of these documents are neutral but, rather, encode a variety of meanings. The book traces the way in which these legal narratives have both shaped national identity and sharpened the conflict. John Strawson argues that a committed attachment to the belief in legal justice has hampered the search for a settlement. Law, far from offering conflict resolution, has reinforced the trenches from which Palestinians and Israelis confront one another. The book is available from the Pluto Press website.
The project will study the role of hybrid international criminal courts in the institutional, substantive and procedural development of international criminal justice. It will focus on the War Crimes Chamber of the State Court in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
For information about the project click here.
With a focus on Africa, the authors critically examines the impact of these activities in relation to liberal peacebuilding, rule of law institutions, and the range of non-state providers of justice and security. They also assess the virtues and limitations of rule of law reform efforts, and policy alternatives. It brings together expert scholars and practitioners from politics, law, anthropology and conflict studies, and features detailed case studies on Rwanda, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Further information and an order form is available here.
The paper is in the Human Security Gateway database and was featured in the Human Security Research Report Highlights for July 2010.
UEL’s Professor Chandra Lekha Sriram, who is the Director of the Centre on Human Rights in Conflict said: “The visit of Ms. Coomaraswamy to the Centre and the School of Law is an exciting and important one, as the work of her office reflects so many of the concerns of the Centre on Human Rights and Conflict with regards to the protection of human rights during and in the wake of violent conflict.
Her speech shows our commitment to develop research in these areas, but also to inform important policy debates and bring those debates to our university community.”