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Therapeutic Approaches

Therapeutic Approaches with Refugees & Asylum Seekers

This page provides evidence-based research that utilised a variety of therapeutic models including Cognitive-Behavioural, Culturally-Sensitive, EMDR, Narrative, Psychodynamic, Systemic Family, Creative Arts therapies, etc., to treat refugee and asylum seeking population.

We would like to express our deepest appreciation to researchers, mental health experts and practitioners whose work has been cited below, enriching our portal and practice of professionals working with refugees and asylum seekers.

Papers below have been researched and compiled by Dr Farkhondeh Farsimadan, a Chartered Counselling Psychologist who is an Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society and an HCPC registered psychologist.

Please use links below to access the research papers. For some papers multiple available links are provided as some links may eventually stop working.    

 

  • Askovic, M., Watters, A.J., Aroche, J., & Harris, A.W.F. (2017). Neurofeedback as an adjunct therapy for treatment of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder related to refugee trauma and torture experiences: two case studies. Australasian Psychiatry, 25,4,358-363.doi: 10.1177/1039856217715988
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28699778 

  • Bogner, D., Herlihy, J., & Brewin, C. (2007).  Impact of sexual violence on disclosure during Home Office interviews.  British Journal of Psychiatry, 191, 75 – 81.  DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.106.030262.
    http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/191/1/75
  • Hinton, D. E., Hofmann, S. G., Pollack, M. H., & Otto, M. W. (2009). Mechanisms of efficacy of CBT for Cambodian refugees with PTSD: Improvement in emotion regulation and orthostatic blood pressure response. CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics, 15, 255–263. doi:10.1111/j.1755-5949. 2009.00100.x
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1755-5949.2009.00100.x/full
  • D’Ardenne, P., Ruaro, L., Cestari, L., Fakhoury, W., & Priebe, S. (2007).  Does interpreted-mediated cognitive behaviour therapy with traumatic refugee people work?  Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapy, 35, 293 – 301.
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465807003645
  • Ehntholt, K.A. & Yule, W. (2006).  Assessment and treatment of refugee children and adolescents who have experienced war-related trauma.  Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 12, 1197 – 1210.
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17176375
  • Grey, N. & Young, K. (2008).  Cognitive behaviour therapy with refugees and asylum seekers experiencing traumatic stress symptoms.  Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 1, 3 – 19.
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465807003918
  • Hinton, D. E., Hofmann, S. G., Pollack, M. H., & Otto, M. W. (2009). Mechanisms of efficacy of CBT for Cambodian refugees with PTSD: Improvement in emotion regulation and orthostatic blood pressure response. CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics, 15, 255–263. doi:10.1111/j.1755-5949.  2009.00100.x
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1755-5949.2009.00100.x/full
  • Hinton, D. E., Rivera, E. I., Hofmann, S. G., Barlow, D. H., & Otto, M. W. (2012). Adapting CBT for traumatised refugees and ethnic minority patients: Examples from culturally adapted CBT (CA-CBT). Transcultural Psychiatry, 49,2, 340–365.  doi:10.1177/1363461512441595.
    http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1363461512441595

  • Naeem, F., Phiri, P., Munshi, T., Rathod,S ., Ayub, M., Gobbi, M., & Kingdon, D. (2015). Using cognitive behaviour therapy with South Asian Muslims: findings from the culturally sensitive CBT project. International Review of Psychiatry, 27,3, 233-246. doi: 10.3109/09540261.2015.1067598
    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/09540261.2015.1067598


  • Neuner, F. (2016). Narrative exposure therapy: concept & efficacy. A Webinar presentation featuring Dr Neuner, APA Division 56-Trauma Psychology.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GhyDplT_uIM&feature=youtu.be



  • Neuner, F., Schauer, E., Klaschik, C., Karunakara, U. & Elbert, T.  (2004). A comparison of narrative exposure therapy, supportive counselling, and psychoeducation for treating posttraumatic stress disorder in an African refugee settlement.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72,4, 579-587.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15301642
  • Neuner, F., Onyut, P. L., Ertl, V., Odenwald, M., Schauer, E. & Elbert, T. (2008). Treatment of Post traumatic Stress Disorder by Trained Lay Counsellors in an African Refugee Settlement: A Randomized Controlled Trial.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76,4, 486-694.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18665696
  • Onyut, L. P., Neuner, F., Schauer, E., Ertl, V., Odenwald, M., Schauer, M., et al. (2005). Narrative exposure therapy as a treatment for child war survivors with post traumatic stress disorder: Two case reports and a pilot study in an African refugee settlement.  BioMed Central Psychiatry, 5,7.
    http://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-244X-5-7
  • Ruf, M., Schauer, M., Neuner, F., Catani, C., Schauer, E., & Elbert T. (2010). Narrative Exposure Therapy for 7 to 16-year-olds: A randomised controlled trial with traumatised refugee children. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23, 437–445.    
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jts.20548/full

  • Schulz, P., Resick, P., Huber, L. C. & Griffin, M.  (2006). The effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy for PTSD with refugees in a community setting. Cognitive and Behavioural Practice, 13,4, 322-331.
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/223683956
  • Slobodin, O., & De Jong, J. (2015).  Mental health interventions for traumatised asylum seekers: what do we know about their efficacy?  International Journal of social psychiatry, 61, 1, 17 – 26.
  • http://isp.sagepub.com/content/61/1/17.short
  • Ter Heide F. J.,  Mooren T. M., Knipscheer J. W. &  Kleber R. J. (2014). EMDR with traumatised refugees: From experience-based to evidence-based practice. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 8,3, 147–156.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/1933-3196.8.3.147

 

 

 

 

  • Lenette, C., & Sunderland, N. (2016). Will there be music for us? Mapping the health and well- being potential of participatory music practice with asylum seekers and refugees across contexts of conflict and refuge. Arts & Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice, 8,1, 32–49.
    http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17533015.2014.961943

  • Lenette, C., Weston, D., Wise, P., Sunderland, N., & Bristed, H. (2016). Where words fail, music speaks: the impact of participatory music on the mental health and wellbeing of asylum seekers. Arts & Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice, 8,2, 125–139.
    http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17533015.2015.1037317
  • Rousseau, C., Lacroix, L., Singh, A., Gauthier, M.-F., & Benoit, M. (2005). Creative Expression Workshops in School: Prevention Programs for Immigrant and Refugee Children. The Canadian Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Review, 14,3, 77–80.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2542909/
  • Alemi, Q., James, S., & Montgomery, S. (2016). Contextualizing Afghan refugee views of depression through narratives of trauma, resettlement stress, and coping. Transcultural Psychiatry, 53, 5, 630–653.  doi:10.1177/1363461516660937
    http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1363461516660937
  • Goodkind J., LaNoue M., Lee C., Freeland L., & Freund R. (2012). Feasibility, acceptability, and initial findings from a community- based cultural mental health intervention for American Indian youth and their families. Journal of Community Psychology, 40, 381–405.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jcop.20517/full
  • Hinton, D. E., Chhean, D., Pich, V., Safren, S. A., Hofmann, S. G., & Pollack, M. H. (2005). A randomized controlled trial of cognitive-behaviour therapy for Cambodian refugees with treatment-resistant PTSD and panic attacks: A cross-over design. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 18,6, 617–629. doi:10.1002/jts.20070
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jts.20070/full
  • Hinton, D. E., Hofmann, S. G., Pollack, M. H., & Otto, M. W. (2009). Mechanisms of efficacy of CBT for Cambodian refugees with PTSD: Improvement in emotion regulation and orthostatic blood pressure response. CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics, 15, 255–263. doi:10.1111/j.1755-5949. 2009.00100.x
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1755-5949.2009.00100.x/full
  • Hinton, D. E., Rivera, E. I., Hofmann, S. G., Barlow, D. H., & Otto, M. W. (2012). Adapting CBT for traumatized refugees and ethnic minority patients: Examples from culturally adapted CBT (CA-CBT). Transcultural Psychiatry, 49,2, 340–365.  doi:10.1177/1363461512441595.
    http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1363461512441595
  • Hollifield, M., Verbillis-Kolp, S., Farmer, B., Toolson, E.C., Woldehaimanot, Y., Yamazaki, J., & SooHoo, J. (2013).  The Refugee Health Screener-15 (RHS-15): development and validation of an instrument for anxiety, depression and PTSD in refugees.  General Hospital Psychiatry, 35, 2, 202 – 209.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23347455
  • Naeem, F., Phiri, P., Munshi, T., Rathod,S., Ayub, M., Gobbi, M., & Kingdon, D. (2015). Using cognitive behaviour therapy with South Asian Muslims: findings from the culturally sensitive CBT project. International Review of Psychiatry, 27,3, 233-246. doi: 10.3109/09540261.2015.1067598
    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/09540261.2015.1067598

  • Salem, I., & Renner, W. (2015). Educating asylum seekers and refugees to cope with post-traumatic stress: An ethnic approach to professional and lay interventions. European Scientific Journal, 2, ISSN: 1857-7881.
    http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/5757/5553
  • Drozdek, B., Kamperman, A. M, Tol., W.A., Knipscheer., J.W. & Kleber., R. (2014). Seven-year follow-up study of symptoms in asylum seekers and refugees with PTSD treated with Trauma- Focused Groups.  Journal of Clinical Psychology, 70,4, 376-387.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jclp.22035/full
  • Robertson, M., E., Blumberg, J.M., Gratton, J.L., Walsh, E.G., & Kaval, H. (2013). A group-based approach to stabilisation and symptom management in a phased treatment model for refugees and asylum seekers. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 4.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3871835/
  • Tucker, S., & Price, D. (2007).  Finding a home: group psychotherapy for traumatised refugees and asylum seekers.  European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling, 9, 3. 277-287.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13642530701496880

 

  • Amias, D., Hughes, G., & Barratt, S. (2014). Multi-layered systemic and narrative interventions with refugees and asylum seekers in a community child and adolescent mental health service.  Journal of therapy consultation and training, 25,1,25-30.
    http://repository.tavistockandportman.ac.uk/1337/
  • Hughes, G. (2014). Finding a voice through ‘The Tree of Life’: A strength-based approach to mental health for refugee children and families in schools. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 19,1, 139-153.
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1359104513476719
        
  • Costa, B., & Dewaele, J.M. (2012). Psychotherapy across languages: beliefs, attitudes and practices of monolingual and multilingual therapists with their multilingual patients.  Language and Psychoanalysis 1, 18-40.
    http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/5275/1/5275.pdf

 

  • Dorsey, S., McLaughlin, K.A., Kerns, S. E., Harrison, J.P., Lambert, H.K., Briggs. E.C., Cox, J.R. & Amaya-Jackson, L. (2017). Evidence Base Update for Psychosocial Treatments for Children and Adolescents Exposed to Traumatic Events.  Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology,46,3,303.
    http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2016.1220309
  • Eloranata, S.J., Peltonen, K., Palosaari, E., Qouta, S.R., & Punamaki, R.L. 2016).  The role of attachment and emotion regulation in the psychosocial intervention among war-affected children. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 10, 4, 301-314.
    https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs40653-016-0115-y
  • Palic, S., & Elklit, A. (2011). Psychosocial treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder in adult refugees: A systematic review of prospective treatment outcome studies and a critique. Journal of Affective Disorders, 131, 8–23.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20708804
  • Weine, S., Danieli, Y., Silove, D., Ommeren, M. Van., Fairbank, J.A., & Saul, J. (2002).  Guidelines for International Training in Mental Health and Psychosocial Interventions for Trauma Exposed Populations in Clinical and Community Settings.  Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 65, 2, 156 – 164.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12108139
  • Mirdal, G.M., Ryding, E., & Essendrop-Sondej, M. (2012). Traumatized refugees, their therapists, and their interpreters: three perspectives on psychological treatment. Psychology & Psychotherapy,85,4,436-55. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8341.2011.02036.x.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23080532

  • Neuner, F., Onyut, P. L., Ertl, V., Odenwald, M., Schauer, E. & Elbert, T. (2008). Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder by Trained Lay Counsellors in an African Refugee Settlement: A Randomized Controlled Trial.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76,4, 486-694.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18665696
  • Neuner, F., Schauer, E., Klaschik, C., Karunakara, U. & Elbert, T.  (2004). A comparison of narrative exposure therapy, supportive counselling, and psychoeducation for treating posttraumatic stress disorder in an African refugee settlement.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72,4, 579-587.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15301642
  • Amias, D., Hughes, G., & Barratt, S. (2014). multi-layered systemic and narrative interventions with refugees and asylum seekers in a community child and adolescent mental health service.  Journal of Therapy, Consultation & Training, 25,1,25-30.
    http://repository.tavistockandportman.ac.uk/1337/
  • De Haene, L., Rober, P., Adriaenssens, P., & Verschueren, K. (2012).  Voices of Dialogue and Directivity in Family Therapy with Refugees: evolving ideas about dialogical refuge care.  Family Process, 51, 391 – 404. 
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22984976
  • Goodkind J., LaNoue M., Lee C., Freeland L., & Freund R. (2012). Feasibility, acceptability, and initial findings from a community- based cultural mental health intervention for American Indian youth and their families. Journal of Community Psychology, 40, 381–405.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jcop.20517/full