Guidelines and Downloads on Mental Health & Social Care of Refugees & Asylum Seekers
page provides access to valuable international, governmental and non-profit
organisational agencies’ and charities’ guidelines on many challenges faced by
refugees, asylum seekers and migrant communities including education,
healthcare, social welfare, legal and human right matters, whilst settling in
the UK and Worldwide. These guides aim to help refugees and asylum
seekers and health and social care practitioners and agencies working with them
to inform them of and/or assist them seek their rights and entitlements.
These resources are grouped into a number of categories including, Education, Health & Wellbeing, Mental Health, Social Welfare, Legal & Human Rights and Working with Interpreters, to facilitate ease of access.
These guides and resources have been produced by Dr Farkhondeh Farsimadan a Chartered Counselling Psychologist who is an Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society and an HCPC registered psychologist.
Please use the categories and links provided below to view the resources.
- British Red Cross Positive Images-Migration and Development: a toolkit for teachers, youth workers and other educators to teach young people about migration and development.
- British Red Cross Refugees and Migration Teaching Resources.British Red Cross.
- City of Sanctuary UK, Resources for people fleeing violence and persecution and seeking sanctuary in the UK are available by theme and for various groups and can be accessed via link below:
Africa Refugee Crisis: causes of Tensions and Conflicts between the Local
Community and Refugees in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya. Ali, J. A., &
Ocha, W. (2018). Journal of
Social Science Studies, 5,1, 298.
- Education: needs, rights & access in displacement. Forced Migration Review issue 60, March 2019.FMR is published by the Refugee Studies Centre in the Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford.
The FMR 60 issue is available online and in print in English, Arabic, Spanish and French and is available in English in audio podcast format.
- Forthcoming Forced Migration Review, FMR, feature themes can be accessed via link below:
- How schools are integrating new migrant pupils and their families? Manzoni, C., & Rolfe, H. (2019).National Institute of Economic & Social Research, NIESR.
- Not Just Numbers: teachers manual ‘Not Just Numbers’, Educational
toolkit on migration and asylum in Europe. UNHCR & IOM (2009).
United Nations High Commissioners for Refugees & International
Organisation for Migration.
- Promoting Effective Integration of Migrants and Refugees in Education: Experiences from Spain, Serbia and Belgium.Bunar, N. (2019).European Trade Union Committee for Education, Stockholm University, &European Federation of Education Employers.
- Refugees and asylum seekers:a good practice guide for the UCAS Undergraduate application management service (AMS). UCAS (2019).
- Schools of Sanctuary Resources: teaching
resources, lesson plans and fact and figures about refugees for schools.
These resources can be accessed via link below:
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNHCR Teaching About Refugees page provides free and adaptable teaching materials on refugees, asylum, migration and statelessness for all age groups in primary and secondary education with a section dedicated to professional development and guidance for primary and secondary school teachers on inclusion of refugee children in their classes.
to healthcare: a guide for organisations working with people seeking
asylum. Equality & Human Rights Commission, (2019).
- Access to primary health care for asylum seekers and refugees: a qualitative study of service user experiences in the UK. Kang, C., Tomkow, L., & Farrington, R. (2019). British Journal of General Practice, 69, 685, e537-e545. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp19X701309
- A rapid review of evidence-based information, best practices and lessons learned in addressing the health needs of refugees and migrants. Report to the World Health Organization.Cheng, I.H., et al. (2018).
- Barriers to health faced by transgender and non-binary black and minority ethnic people. Kattari, S.K. et al. (2016). Better Health Briefing paper 41.Race Equality Foundation.
and minority ethnic communities and dementia: where are we now?
Truswell, D., (2013). Better
Health Briefing Paper, 30. Race Equality Foundation.
- BMA refugee & asylum seeker health resource. Guidance for doctors and other healthcare professionals who may be uncertain about the specific health needs and entitlement to different types of care of patients who are refuges and asylum seekers.BMA (2019).
for health professionals ensuring access to health care for refugees and
asylum seekers. Chiarenza, A., et al (2018). The European Journal of Public Health, 28, suppl_4.
Engagement: improving health and wellbeing and reducing health
inequalities NG44, Nice Guideline (2016). National Institute of
Clinical Excellence, NICE.
- Coronavirus advice for patients translated in 60 languages. (2020). Doctors of the World in partnership with British Red Cross, Migrant Help, Clear Voice, Transbless Translations, Europia and East European Resource Centre. Access these via links below:
Competence in working with People from refugee backgrounds: Professional Development
Workshop Manual. Green, B. (2015; 2018), STARTTS, the NSW Service for the
Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors.
- Disparities in the risk and outcomes of
COVID-19. Public Health England.
(2020). UK Government.
Review into how different factors including age, sex, deprivation, region, ethnicity, occupation, and care home residence have affected COVID-19 risk and outcomes.
methods of engaging black and minority ethnic communities within health
care settings. Latif, S. (2010). Better Health Briefing Paper 18. Race Equality Foundation.
and access to healthcare of migrants in the UK. Jayaweera, H. (2010;
updated 2012). Better Health
Briefing Paper, 19. Race Equality Foundation.
experiences of Chinese people in the UK. Chau, R.C. (2008). Better Health Briefing Paper, 10.
Race Equality Foundation.
health and social care experiences of black and minority ethnic older
people. Moriarty, J. (2008; updated, 2012). Better Health Briefing Paper, 9.
Race Equality Foundation.
- Health and wellbeing provision for refugees and asylum seekers. Welsh Government Policy Implementation Guidance. (2018).
- Human trafficking: migrant health guide.Advice and guidance on the health needs of migrant patients for healthcare practitioners. UK Government (2017; updated 2020).
health and social care support for carers from black and minority ethnic
communities. Gregory, C. (2010). Better Health Briefing Paper, 20. Race Equality Foundation.
intersectional identities: safety – reducing social isolation and
suffering of LGBTI asylum seekers and refugees. Ansara, Y.G., &
Rankin, S. (2013). Equality Network.
intersectional identities: sanctuary – assisting LGBTI asylum seekers in
the UK. Ansara, Y.G., & Rankin, S. (2013). Equality
intersectional identities: solidarity – partnering for change.
Ansara, Y.G., & Rankin, S. (2013). Equality Network.
stigma as a barrier to access to health and social care services by
minority ethnic groups in the UK. Owuor, J., & Nake, N. (2015).
Better Health Briefing Paper
36. Race Equality Foundation.
on the margins: Syrian refugees in Jordan struggle to access health
care. Amnesty International, (2016).
entitlements: migrant health guide. Advice and guidance for healthcare
practitioners on the health needs of migrant patients. Public
Health England. (2020). UK Government.
- NHS entitlements: migrant health guide.Advice and guidance for healthcare practitioners on the health needs of migrant patients.Public Health England. (2020).UK Government.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) testing and treatment: overseas visitors to England, including anyone living in the UK without permission, will not be charged for testing and treatment for coronavirus (even if the test shows the individual does not have coronavirus). The new guidance has also been translated into 40 languages and is available under the ‘Translated advice and guidance for the public’ sub-heading.
for people from black and minority ethnic groups. Moriarty, J.
(2014). Better Health Briefing
Paper 34. Race Equality Foundation.
of Female Genital Mutilation in England and Wales: National and local
estimates. Macfarlane A, & Dorkenoo E. (2015). London: City University
London and Equality Now.
Council England’s forgotten refugees: out of the fire and into the frying
pan. Basedow, J., & Doyle, L. (2016).
women and girls at risk of FGM: Guidance. Department of Health. (2017).
Department of Health & Social Care, UK Government.
Please see below for further links and guidance on FGM:
- FGM safeguarding and risk assessment: quick guide for health professionals. Department of Health. (2017). UK Government.
- Female genital mutilation: risk and safeguarding, guidance for professionals. Department of Health. (2016). UK Government.
- FGM safeguarding pathway. Department of Health. (2016). UK Government.
- Multi-agency statutory guidance on female genital mutilation. Department of Education, Department of Health & Home Office. (2016, updated 2020). UK Government.
health, asylum seekers and refugees. A handbook for people working
with refugees and asylum seekers in England. Wilson, R., Sanders M.,
& Dumper, H. (2007). Family Planning Association, FPA.
- Supporting black and minority ethnic carers. Greenwood, N. (2018).Better Health Briefing 48. Race Equality Foundation.
relationship between psychological well-being and adjustment of both
parents and children of exiled and traumatised Iraqi refugees. Hosin, A.,
Moore, S., & Gaitanou, C. (2006). Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 1, 2,123-136.
sides of the same coin: factors that support and challenge the wellbeing
of refugees resettled in a small urban centre. El-Bialy, R., & Mulay,
S. (2015). Health & Place,
35, 52 – 59.
the experiences of asylum seekers. Liebling, L., Burke, S. Goodman, S.
&, Zasada, D. (2014). International
Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, 10,4,207-219.
- A collection of asylum policy guidance used by UK Visas and Immigration to make decisions on asylum applications. UK Government.
- Application for asylum support: form ASF1: form for destitute asylum applicants and failed asylum seekers to apply for support. UK Government.
- Asylum claims in detention. Guidance on asylum claims in detention. UK Government.
This tells staff how to manage individuals in detention who have claimed asylum and processing individuals into detention following an asylum claim.
- Asylum helplines
Get help by phone if you’re an asylum applicant or refugee and you need advice about the asylum process or adapting to life in the UK. UK Government.
- Asylum Intake Unit
You must register and have a screening at an asylum intake unit if you’re in the UK and want to claim asylum. You should telephone to make an appointment.
You will have your asylum screening at the UK border if you claim asylum as soon as you arrive in the UK.
- Asylum support
Asylum seekers and their family may be entitled to support including housing, money, free state school and health care from the National Health Service (NHS) to help them while waiting to find out if they will be give asylum. UK Government.
- Asylum support: section 4(2) policy & process. Home Office (2018). UK Government.
- Best practice guide to asylum and human rights appeals. Henderson, M., Moffatt, R., & Pickup, A. (2020 Updated Edition). Electronic Immigration Network, EIN.
- Brief guide to asylum: Refugee Council information. (2019). Refugee Council.
- Conducting asylum interviews: asylum policy guidance on asylum interviews. UK Government.
- Detention guidelines: guidelines on the applicable criteria and standards relating to the detention of asylum seekers and alternatives to detention. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNHCR, (2012). Available in a number of languages.
- The ‘Dublin’ regulation and family unity, Policy Brieﬁng. Refugee Council (2019).
- Dublin III Regulation: transferring asylum claimants into and out of the UK where responsibility for examining an asylum claim lies with the UK or with another EU Member State or Associated State. UK Visas & Immigration. (2017; updated 2020). UK Government.
- EU-Turkey Agreement Failing Refugee Women and Girls. Women’s Refugee Commission, (2016).
- Falling through the cracks: refugee women and girls in Germany and Sweden. Women’s Refugee Commission, (2016).
- Family cases: asylum policy guidance on processing family cases. UK Government.
- Family reunion guidance: for refugees and those with humanitarian protection. Home Office, UK Government.
- Female Genital Mutilation, FGM. Duty for health and social care professionals and teachers to report female genital mutilation, FGM, to the police. Home Office (2016). UK Government.
Fact sheet on mandatory reporting of female genital mutilation, with translations in a number of languages, for communities on mandatory reporting of female genital mutilation.
- Female Genital Mutilation, FGM. Mandatory reporting of female genital mutilation: procedural information. Guidance. Department for Education & Home Office. (2020). UK Government.
The guidance gives relevant professionals and the police an understanding of the female genital mutilation (FGM) mandatory reporting duty.
- Female refugees and asylum seekers: the issue of integration. Policy Department for Citizen’s Rights and Constitutional Affairs, European Parliament, European Union, (2016).
- FGM international data, UNICEF (2020).
- Forced Migration Review Thematic listings:
The link below provides a selection of thematic listing and FMR articles (and full issues) focusing on a specific topic including Statelessness, the Rohingya, Children on the Move, Trafficking and Smuggling of People, Protection at Sea, Youth, Health, Displacement, etc. in English, Arabic, French and Spanish.
- Frequently asked questions for asylum seekers and refugees in the UK. UNHCR UK.
- Gender issues in asylum claims: asylum policy guidance on claims involving gender identity issues, UK Government.
- Guidelines on Reunification of Refugee Families. UNHCR (1983).
- Guidance for Employers: employing refugees – the documents required as evidence of entitlement to work in the UK. Equality & Human Rights Commission & The Refugee Council (2014).
- Humanitarian protection: asylum policy guidance on humanitarian protection. UK Government.
- Human trafficking: migrant health guide. Advice and guidance on the health needs of migrant patients for healthcare practitioners. Public Health England. (2017; updated 2020). UK Government.
- The Impact of Brexit on Children and Families Crossing Borders. A fact sheet for professionals protecting children. Children & Families Across the Borders, CFAB. (2019).
- Integration loans: asylum policy guidance on integration loans. UK Visas & Immigration. UK Government.
- Invisible suffering: Prolonged and systematic detention of migrants and asylum seekers in substandard conditions in Greece, (2014). Médecins Sans Frontières, (MSF).
- Legal framework and standards relating to the detention of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants: a guide. The International Detention Coalition, IDC, (2011).
- LGBTI persons in immigration detention: International Detention Coalition, IDC, position paper, (2016).
- NGO monitoring of immigration detention: tips, examples and positive practices. Outcomes of workshop for European NGOs Brussels. Flemish Refugee Action and International Detention Coalition, (2015).
- Our Human Rights Act: refugees and people speaking asylum. The British Institute of Human Rights (2016). BIHR briefing on the HRA.
- Permission to work: asylum policy guidance on permission to work for asylum applicants. UK Government.
- The Poverty Barrier: the right to rehabilitation for survivors of torture in the UK. Pettitt, J. (2013). Research Report, Freedom from Torture. Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture.
- Research report 52 – refugees and asylum seekers: a review from an equality and human rights perspective. Aspinall, P., & Watters, C. (2010). Equality & Human Rights Commission & University of Kent.
- Revocation of refugee status: asylum policy guidance on cancelling, ceasing and revoking a person's refugee status. UK Government.
- The Right to Remain Toolkit
This toolkit is a guide to the UK immigration and asylum system. It gives an overview of the legal system and procedures, with detailed information on rights and options at key stages, and actions you can take in support of your claim, or to help someone else.
See below YouTube presentations introducing Right to Remain Toolkit in a number of languages, published by Right to Remain, 2015.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7t4zYbh-k5U&feature=youtu.be Farsi - فارسی
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HvXybBc2_Dw&feature=youtu.be Arabic – العربية
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZryxCgYT5GI&feature=youtu.be French - français
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=04-J65yVkbw&feature=youtu.be Spanish - Español
- There are alternatives: a handbook for preventing unnecessary immigration detention (revised edition). International Detention Coalition, IDC, (2015).
- Towards Integration: The Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme in the United Kingdom. UNHCR. (2017).
- Vulnerability Screening Tool - identifying and addressing vulnerability: a tool for asylum and migration systems. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNHCR, International Detention Coalition, IDC, with the support of the Oak Foundation (2016).
- A civilised society: mental health provision for refugees and asylum seekers in England & Wales. Mind (2009).
- Addressing issues of race, ethnicity and culture in CBT to support therapists and service managers to deliver culturally competent therapy and reduce inequalities in mental health provision for BAME service users. Naz, S., Gregory, R. & Bahu, M. (2019). The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, Special Issue on Cultural Adaptations of CBT, 12, e22.
- A first person account of the refugee experience: identifying psychosocial stressors and formulating psychological responses. Gary, J., & Rubin, N.S. (2014).
- African and Caribbean men and mental health. Keating, F. (2007). Better Health Briefing Paper, 5. Race Equality Foundation.
- An overview of systematic reviews on mental health promotion, prevention, and treatment of common mental disorders for refugees, asylum seekers, and internally displaced persons. Uphoff, E. et al, (2020). Cochrane Systematic Review - Overview Version published: 04 September 2020
- Better practice in mental health for black and minority ethnic communities. Butt, J. et al (2015). Race Equality Foundation.
- BMA refugee & asylum seeker health resource. Guidance for doctors and other healthcare professionals who may be uncertain about the specific health needs and entitlement to different types of care of patients who are refuges and asylum seekers.BMA (2019).
- City of Sanctuary Mental Health Resource Pack. Burghgraef, A., Martin, G., Morgan, J., and Newman, G. (2017). City of Sanctuary.
- Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults. American Psychological Association, APA. (2017).
- Commissioning mental health services for vulnerable adult migrants: guidance for commissioners. Fassil, Y., & Burnett, A. (2015).
- Compassionate care provision: an immense need during the refugee crisis: lessons learned from a European capacity-building project. Mechili, E. A., et al (2018). Journal of Compassionate Health Care, 5,1, 2.
- Compassion Fatigue, Burnout and Vicarious Trauma. A Queensland Program of Assistance to Survivors of Torture and Trauma (QPASTT) Guidebook. November 2016.
- Cultural adaptations in psychosocial interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder among refugees: a systematic review. Naseh, M. et al. (2019). Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work. 28,1, 76-97.
- Culture, context and the mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of Syrians: a review for mental health and psychosocial support staff working with Syrians affected by armed conflict. United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees, UNHCR, (2015).
- Efficacy of psychological interventions on depression, anxiety and somatization in migrants: a meta-analysis.Sambucini, D. et al. (2020). Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health.
- Evidence-based psychological interventions for adult survivors of torture and trauma: A 30-year review. McFarlane C. & Kaplan I. (2012). Transcultural Psychiatry, 49, 539–567.
- Experiences with treating immigrants: a qualitative study in mental health services across 16 European countries. Sandhu, S., Bjerre, N.V., Dauvrin, M., Dias, S., Gaddini, A., Greacen, T., Ioannidis, E., Kluge, U., Jensen, N.K., Lamkaddem, M., Puigpinosi Riera, R., Kosa, Z., Wihlman, U., Stankunas, M., Strabmayr, C., Wahlbeck, K., Welbel, M. & Priebe, S. (2013). Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology. Dol: 10.1007/s00127-012-0528-3
- Exploring intimate relationship experiences of Asian disabled women. Dutt, R. (2014). Race Equality Foundation.
- Factors associated with mental disorders in long settled war refugees: refugees from the former Yugoslavia in Germany, Italy and the UK. Bogic, M., Ajdukovic, D., Bremner, S., Franciskovic, T., Galeazzi, G.M., Kucukalic, A., Lecic-Tosevski, D., Morina, N., Popovski, M., Schutzwohl, M., Wang, D., & Priebe, S. (2012). The British Journal of Psychiatry, 200, 216 – 223.
- Forced marriage and mental health. Singh, M. (2011). Better Health Briefing Paper, 24. Race Equality Foundation.
- Good practice in mental health care for socially marginalised groups in Europe: a qualitative study of expert views in 14 countries. Priebe, S., Matanov, A., Schor, R., Strabmayr, C., Barros, H., Barry, M.M., Diaz-olalla, J.M., Gabor, E., Greacen, T., Holcnerova, P., Kluge, U., Lorant, V., Moskalewicz, J., Schene, A.H., Macassa, G., & Gaddini, A. (2012). BMC Public Health, 12, 248.
- Guided self-help to reduce psychological distress in South Sudanese female refugees in Uganda: a cluster randomised trial.Tol, W. A., et al. (2020). Lancet Glob Health,8, e254–63.
- Guidelines for psychologists working with refugees and asylum seekers in the UK. Extended Version. British Psychological Society, BPS. (2018).
- Guidelines for psychologists working with refugees and asylum seekers in the UK. A Summary. British Psychological Society, BPS. (2018).
- Guidance for psychologists on working with community organisations. The British Psychological Society, BPS. (2018).
- Health Evidence Network synthesis report 47: public health aspects of mental health among migrants and refugees: a review of the evidence on mental health care for refugees, asylum seekers and irregular migrants in the WHO European Region. Priebe, S., Giacco, D., & El-Nagib, R. (2016), World Health Organisation.
Public health aspects of mental health among migrants and refugees: a review of the evidence on mental health care for refugees, asylum seekers and irregular migrants in the WHO European Region(2016) [PDF]
- The health needs of forced migrants. Burnett, A., & Ndovi, T. (2018). British Medical Journal, 363, 162-164.
- How do mental health practitioners operationalise cultural competency in everyday practice? A qualitative analysis. Mollah, N.T., Antoniades, J., Lafeer, F.I., Brijnath, B. (2018). BMC Health Service Research,18, 480. doi: 10.1186/s12913-018-3296-2
- Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT): Black, Asian, & minority ethnic service user positive practice guide. Beck, A., Naz, S., Brooks, M., & Jankowska, M. (2019). IAPT.
- Improving mental health support for refugee communities: an advocacy approach. Mind (2009).
- LGBT inclusive mental health services: a guide for health and social care service providers. Mental Welfare Commission for Scotland, MWCSCOT. (2017).
- Long-term mental health of war-refugees: a systematic literature review. Bogic, M., Njoku, A., & Priebe, S. (2015). BMC International Health and Human Rights, 201515,29.
- The maternal health of migrant women. Latif, Z. (2014). Better Health Briefing Paper, 31. Race Equality Foundation.
- Meeting the mental health needs of refugees and asylum seekers. Vostanis, P. (2014). The British Journal of Psychiatry, 204, 3, 176 – 177.
- Mental disorders, disability and treatment gap in a protracted refugee setting. Llosa, A.E., Ghantous, Z., Souza, R., Forgione, F., Bastin, P., Jones, A., Antierens, A., Slavuckij, A., & Grais, R.F. (2014). British Journal of Psychiatry, 204, 208 – 213. DoI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.112.120535.
- The mental health needs of asylum seekers and refugees – challenges and solutions. Sen, P. (2016). British Journal of Psychiatry International, 13,2, 30-32.
- Mental health & psychosocial support considerations for Syrian refugees in Turkey: sources of distress, coping mechanisms and access to support: a literature review. Davis, C., & Wanninger, A. (2017). In collaboration with International Medical Corps, IMC.
- Mental health and psychosocial support for refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants on the move in Europe: a multi-agency guidance note. UNHCR, IOM, MHPSS.net, (2015).
- Mental health and psychosocial support in emergencies. WHO, World Health Organisation. (2019).The target group for WHO work is any population exposed to extreme stressors including refugees, internally displaced persons, disaster survivors and terrorism, war or genocide- exposed populations.
- Mental health and wellbeing of asylum seekers and refugees: evidence review and scoping. Sneddon, H. (2018).Public Health Agency, PHA, Northern Ireland &Outcome Imps.
Mental health and wellbeing of asylum seekers and refugees: evidence review and scoping
- Mental health crisis review: experiences of black and minority ethnic communities. Samir, J., Shoham, T., & Islam-Barrett, F. (2015). Race Equality Foundation.
- Mental health interventions for traumatised asylum seekers: what do we know about their efficacy? Slobodin, O., & De Jong, J. (2015). International Journal of social psychiatry, 61, 1, 17 – 26.
- Mental health of refugees and asylum seekers: assessment and intervention. Kronick, R. (2018). Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 63,5,290-296. doi: 10.1177/0706743717746665
- The mental health services for detained asylum seekers in Malta. Taylor-East, R., Rossi, A., Caruana, J., & Grech, A. (2016). British Journal of Psychiatry International, 13,2, 32-35.
- Mental health promotion and mental health care in refugees and migrants: policy brief (2018). World Health Organisation/Europe.
- ‘My whole body is sick . . . . my life is not good’. A Rwandan asylum seeker attends a psychiatric clinic. Sommerfield, D. (2005).
- Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET). American Psychological Association, APA. (2017).
- Neglected trauma- asylum seekers in Italy: an analysis of mental health distress and access to healthcare. Médecins Sans Frontières, (2016).
- Post-traumatic stress disorder. Guidance. National Institute for Health & Care Excellence. NICE (2018).
- Prevention review: landscape paper. Metal Health Foundation, (2015).
- Providing mental healthcare to immigrants: current challenges and new strategies. Giacco. D., Matanor, A., & Priebe, S. (2014). Current Opinion Psychiatry, 27, 282 – 288.
- Psychosocial and mental health interventions in areas of mass violence: a community-based approach. Guideline document, second edition, De Jong, K. (2011). Médecins Sans Frontières.
- Psychosocial predictors of treatment outcome for trauma-affected refugees. Sonne, C., Carlsson, J., Bech, P., Vindbjerg, E., Mortensen, E., & Elklit, A. (2016). European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 7:1, 30907. DOI: 10.3402/ejpt.v7.30907.
- Psychological therapies for immigrant communities. Turner, S., & Bhugra, D. (2010).
- Racial disparities in mental health:literature and evidence review. Bignall, T., Jeraj, S., Helsby, E., & Butt, J. (2019). Race Equality Foundation.
This research review reports on how BAME communities face 'unequal mental healthcare', drawing on the most recent published research from the last five years together with insights from two events and conversations across the sector. It covers prevalence; access; assessment; treatment; and recovery. Recommendations to health agencies, professionals and the voluntary sector are offered. Access the report via links below:
- Refugees’ mental health: research report. UNHCR (2017).
- Refugees, the asylum system and mental healthcare in Ireland. O’Connell, M., Duffy, R., & Crumlish, N. (2016). British Journal of Psychiatry International, 13,2, 35-37.
- Review of refugee mental health interventions following resettlement: best practices and recommendations. Murray, K. E., Davidson, G. R. & Schweitzer, R. D. (2010). American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 80: 576–585. doi:10.1111/j.1939-0025.2010.01062.x
- Somali depression profile. Perez, C. (2006).
- Somali refugee mental health cultural profile. Bentley, J., & Wilson-Owens, C. (2008).
- Strengthening mental health care systems for Syrian refugees in Europe and the Middle East: integrating scalable psychological interventions in eight countries. Sijbrandij, M. et al. (2017). European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 8, sup2. doi: 10.1080/20008198.2017.1388102
- Traumatised refugees and EMDR psychotherapy: a brief report of experience-based EMDR practices with refugees and asylum seekers in Italy. Formenti, L. (2016). EMDR Europe Association. Psychotraumatology Research Centre, Milan, Italy.
- Understanding how asylum seekers and refugees access and experience mental health support in Leeds. Karpuk, D. et al (2012). NHS Leeds, Positive Action for Refugees & Asylum Seekers, PAFRAS, and Touchstone.
- Vulnerable women’s project good practice guide: assisting refugee and asylum seeking women affected by rape or sexual violence. Keefe, A., & Hage, E. (2009). Refugee Council.
- Working with refugees and asylum seekers: practitioners’ perspectives on the use of clinical supervision in their therapeutic engagement with asylum seekers and refugee clients. Apostolidou, Z. & Schweitzer, R. (2017). British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 45, 1, 72-82.
- Working with Refugees and Asylum Seekers. Turner, S., & Herlihy, J. (2009). Psychiatry, 8, 8, 322-324. doi: 10.1016/j.mppsy.2009.05.002
- World Psychiatric Association guidance on mental health and mental health care in migrants. Bhugra, D., Gupta, S., Bhui, K., Craig, T., Dogra, N., Ingleby, J.D., Kirkbride, J., Moussaout, D., Nazroo, J., Qureshi, A., Stompe, T., & Tribe, R. (2011). World Psychiatry, 10, 1, 2 – 10.
- WHO Europe policy brief on migration & health: mental health care for refugees. Giacco, D., & Priebe, S. (2015). World Health Organisation/Europe.
- Working with immigrant-origin clients. An update for mental health professionals. Based on the report of the APA Presidential Task Force on Immigration. Crossroads: the Psychology of Immigration in the new century. APA Presidential Task Force on Immigration, (2013).
- Working with people seeking asylum and refugee (WWPSAR): a guide for mental health and social care professionals in Merseyside. Liverpool Community Development Services, LCDS, & Mersey Care NHS Trust (2016)
- An interim review of interpreting and translating services in health and social care. Rosenberg, J. (2011). Race Equality Foundation.
- Breaking down language barriers: a practice-near study of social work using interpreters. Westlake, D. & Jones, R.K. (2018). British Journal of Social Work, 48, 5, 1388-1408.
- Child interpreting in social work: competence versus legitimacy. Lucas, S.E. (2015). Transnational Social Review, 5, 2, 145-160. DOI: 10.1080/21931674.2015.1028814
- Data in–data out? A metasynthesis of interpreter’s experiences in health and mental health. Yick, A. G, & Daines, A. M. (2017). Journal of Qualitative Social Work, 18,1,98-115.
- Does interpreted-mediated cognitive behaviour therapy with traumatic refugee people work? D’Ardenne, P., Ruaro, L., Cestari, L., Fakhoury, W., & Priebe, S. (2007). Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapy, 35, 293 – 301.
- Exploring the three-way relationship in therapeutic work with interpreters. Tribe, R., & Thompson, K. (2009). International Journal of Migration, Health & Social Care, 5, 2, 13 – 21.
- Guidance for commissioners: interpreting and translation services in Primary Care. NHS England. (2018). NHS England, Primary Care Commissioning.
- Intermediated communication by interpreters in psychotherapy with traumatised refugees. Brune, M., Eiroá-Orosa, F.J., Fischer-Ortman, J., Delijaja, B. & Haasen, C. (2011). International Journal of Culture and Mental Health, 4,2, 144–151.
- Interpreting: one Size fits all? English Language as an essential component of social work. Lucas, S.E. (2016). In Williams C & Graham M (eds.) Social Work in a diverse Society: Transformatory Practice with black and minority ethnic individuals and communities. Bristol: Policy Press, pp. 91-108.
- Issues in using interpreters in therapeutic work with refugees. What is not being expressed? Tribe, T., & Keefe, A. (2009). European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling, 11,4, 409-424. doi: 10.1080/13642530903444795
- Language interpretation: migrant health guide.
Advice and guidance on the health needs of migrant patients for healthcare practitioners. Public Health England. (2018). UK Government.
- Language support: challenges and benefits for users and providers of health and social care services. Costa, B. (2013). Better Health Briefing Paper, 26. Race Equality Foundation.
- My language matter: the multilingual outlook for children in care – a White Paper. Costa, B., Dioum, M., & Yorath, S. (2015). The Victoria Climbie Foundation UK and Mothertongue.
- National occupational standards for interpreting review.
- National Register of Public Service Interpreters, NRPSI, Code of Professional Conduct (2016).
- Psychotherapy across languages: beliefs, attitudes and practices of monolingual and multilingual therapists with their multilingual patients. Costa, B., & De Waele, J.M. (2013). Counselling & Psychotherapy Research. BACP.
- Service-users’ experiences of interpreters in psychological therapy: a pilot study. Costa, B. & Briggs, S. (2014). International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, 10, 4, pp. 231-244.
- Spoken language interpreters in social work. Lucas, S. (2020). The Institute of Research & Innovation in Social Services, IRISS, Insights 52.
- Therapists and interpreters working effectively together. Mothertongue. (2016). Mothertongue multi-ethnic Counselling. This training DVD was produced by Real Time.
- Too close to home? Experiences of Kurdish refugee interpreters working in UK mental health services. Green, H., Sperlinger, D., &Carswell, K. (2012). Journal of Mental Health, 21,3,227-35. Doi: 10.3109/09638237.2011.651659
- Trauma therapies of asylum seekers with an interpreter: the therapist's point of view. Rio Benito, M. (2019).
- Traumatised refugees, their therapists, and their interpreters: three perspectives on psychological treatment. Mirdal, G.M., Ryding, E., & Essendrop-Sondej, M. (2012). Psychology & Psychotherapy,85,4,436-55. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8341.2011.02036.x.
- The use of interpreters by torture treatment providers. Engstrom, D.W., Roth, T., & Hollis, J. (2010). Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work.19,1, 54-72. doi: 10.1080/15313200903547749
- Working with an interpreter: a toolkit for practitioners and interpreters. Good Practice Guide. Mental Welfare Commission for Scotland (Revised 2018).
- Working with interpreters: guidelines for psychologists. The British Psychological Society, BPS. (2017).
- Working with interpreters in mental health DVD with Professor Rachel Tribe (2011). Interpretation in mental health settings – A Quick Guide – YouTube. Department of Health and University of East London, psychology.
- Working with Interpreters. Tribe, R. & Tunariu, A.D. (2017). In Feltham, C., Hanley, T. & L.A. Winter (eds) Handbook of Counselling and Psychotherapy (pp.536-541). Sage: London
- Working with Interpreters in therapy groups for forced migrants: challenges and opportunities.Chen, H. & Chen, E. (2020). International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 70,2, 244-269.