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Key Publications

Key NRU Publications, Important Reviews and Searching Information

Desowska A and Turner DL. (2019) Dynamics of functional connectivity in the brain following stroke. Review in the Neurosciences 30: 605-623.

Tadeusz M, Ciobanu I, Badea J, Iliescu I, Pizzamiglio S, Schauer T, Seel T, Seiciu L, T, Turner DL and Berteanu M. (2018) Advanced technology for gait rehabilitation – an international perspective.  Advances in Mechanical Engineering 10: 1-19. 

Linden DEJ and Turner DL. (2016) Real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback for motor neurorehabilitation. Current Opinion in Neurology 29: 412-418.   
Stevenson AJT, Mrachacz-Kersting N, van Asseldonk E, Turner DL, and Spaich EG. (2015) Spinal plasticity in robot-mediated therapy for the lower limbs. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 12: 81.  
“The UK Roadmap for Robotics and Autonomous Systems 2015” (2015) InnovateUK / Technology Strategy Board.  

Turner DL, Ramos A, Birbaumer N, Hoffmann U and Luft A. (2013) Neurophysiology of robot-mediated learning and rehabilitation during recovery from brain and spinal cord injury: A perspective. Frontiers in Neurology 4:184 .

Original Research Articles:

Mehler D, Williams A, Whittaker J, Krause F, Luhrs M, Kunas S, Wise RJ, Shetty H, Turner DL, and Linden DEJ (2020). Graded fMRI neurofeedback training of motor imagery in middle cerebral artery stroke patients: A pre-registered proof-of-concept study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14: 226.

Rodgers H, Bosomworth H, Krebs HI, van Wijck F, Howel D, Wilson N, Aird L, Alvarado N, Andole S, Cohen DL, Dawson J, Fernandez-Garcia C, Finch T, Ford GA, Francis R, Hogg S, Hughes N, Price CI, Ternent L, Turner DL, Vale L, Wilkes S and Shaw, L (2019) Robot-assisted training for the upper limb after stroke (RATULS): a multicentre randomised controlled trial. Lancet 394: 51-62.

Mehler DMA, Williams AN, Krause F, Luehrs M, Wise RG, Turner DL, Linden DEJ, and Whittaker JR. (2019) The BOLD response in primary motor cortex and supplementary motor area during kinesthetic motor imagery-based graded fMRI neurofeedback. NeuroImage 184: 36-44.

Faiman I, Pizzamiglio S, and Turner DL. (2018) Resting-state cortical connectivity predicts the ability to adapt arm reaching in a robot-mediated force field. NeuroImage 174: 494-503.

Pizzamiglio S, Naeem U, Abdalla H, and Turner DL. (2018) Neural predictors of gait stability when walking freely in the real-world. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 15: 11.

Mehler DMA, Williams A, Whittaker JR, Krause F, Luhrs M, Turner DL, and Linden DEJ. (2017) Gradual real-time fMRI neurofeedback training of motor imagery in middle cerebral artery stroke patients. Open Science Framework (

Pizzamiglio S, Naeem U, ur Réhman SM, Sharif MS, Abdalla H, and Turner DL. (2017) A multi-modal approach to measure the levels of distraction in pedestrians using mobile sensing. Procedia Computer Science 113: 89-96.

Pizzamiglio S, Abdalla H, Naeem U, and Turner DL. (2017) Neural correlates of human single- and dual-task natural walking in an urban environment. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11: 460.

Pizzamiglio S, Desowska A, Shojaii P, Taga M, and Turner DL. (2017) Muscle co-contraction patterns in robot-mediated force field learning to guide specific muscle group training. Neurorehabilitation 41: 17-29. 

Rodgers H, Aird L, Andole S, Cohen D, Dawson J, Eyre J, Finch T, Ford G, Hogg S, Howel D, Hughes N, Krebs HI, Price C, Rochester L, Shaw L, Ternent L, Turner DL, Vale L and Wilkes S. (2017) Robot-assisted therapy for the upper limb after stroke: A protocol for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. BMC Trials 18: 340.
Pizzamiglio S, deLillo M, Naeem U, Abdalla H, and Turner DL. (2017) High-frequency intermuscular coherence between arm muscles during robot-mediated motor adaptation. Frontiers in Physiology 7:668.  
Subramanian L, Busse M, Brosnan M, Turner DL, Morris HR, and Linden DE. (2016) fMRI neurofeedback and motor training for Parkinson’s disease: A randomised trial. Frontiers in Behavioural Neuroscience 10: 111.  
Turner DL, Kmetova M and Winterbotham W. (2012) Robot-assisted motor rehabilitation for complex upper limb impairments following childhood stroke. Journal of Neurological Research 2, 65-68. 
Turner DL, Tang X, Kmetova M, and Winterbotham W. (2012) Recovery of submaximal upper limb force production is correlated with better arm position control and motor impairment early after a stroke. Clin Neurophysiology 123: 183-92. 
Hunter T, Sacco P, and Turner DL. (2011) Changes in excitability of the motor cortex associated with internal model formation during intrinsic visuomotor learning in the upper arm. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science 1: 140-152. 
Jones DA, Turner DL, McIntyre DB, and Newham DJ. (2009) Energy turnover in relation to slowing of contractile properties during fatiguing contractions of the human anterior tibialis muscle. Journal of Physiology 587: 4329-4338.
Hunter T, Sacco P, Nitsche MA, and Turner DL. (2009) Modulation of internal model formation during force field-induced motor learning by anodal transcranial direct current stimulation of primary motor cortex. Journal of Physiology 587: 2949-2961.
Sacco P, Turner DL, Rothwell JC, and Thickbroom GA (2009) Corticomotor responses to triple-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Stimulation 2: 36-40. 
Cumberland Consensus Group 2007. (2009) The future of restorative neuroscience in stroke: Driving the translational research pipeline from basic science to rehabilitation of people after stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair 23: 97-107.