Like the DPA, the GDPR sets out principles of processing for all personal data. In essence, if an organisation cannot meet these principles, they cannot legally process the data. The new principles are:
(a) personal data must be processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner in relation to individuals;
(b) personal data must be collected for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not further processed in a manner that is incompatible with those purposes; further processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes shall not be considered to be incompatible with the initial purposes;
(c) personal data must be adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed;
(d) personal data must be accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date; every reasonable step must be taken to ensure that personal data that are inaccurate, having regard to the purposes for which they are processed, are erased or rectified without delay;
(e) personal data must be kept in a form which permits identification of data subjects for no longer than is necessary for the purposes for which the personal data are processed; personal data may be stored for longer periods insofar as the personal data will be processed solely for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes subject to implementation of the appropriate technical and organisational measures required by the GDPR in order to safeguard the rights and freedoms of individuals;
(f) personal data must be processed in a manner that ensures appropriate security of the personal data, including protection against unauthorised or unlawful processing and against accidental loss, destruction or damage, using appropriate technical or organisational measures.
Overlying all of these principles is a new accountability principle which requires UEL to be responsible for, and be able to demonstrate, compliance with the principles.